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    South Africa Index


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    South Africa Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/south_africa/south_africa_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      South Africa is a middle-income, emerging market with an abundant supply of natural resources; well-developed financial, legal, communications, energy, and transport sectors; a stock exchange that ranks among the 10 largest in the world; and a modern infrastructure supporting an efficient distribution of goods to major urban centers throughout the region. However, growth has not been strong enough to lower South Africa's high unemployment rate; and daunting economic problems remain from the apartheid era, especially poverty and lack of economic empowerment among the disadvantaged groups. High crime and HIV/AIDS infection rates also deter investment. South African economic policy is fiscally conservative, but pragmatic, focusing on targeting inflation and liberalizing trade as means to increase job growth and household income.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $456.7 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      1.9% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $10,700 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 4.4%
      industry: 28.9%
      services: 66.7% (2001)

      Population below poverty line:
      50% (2000 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 1.1%
      highest 10%: 45.9% (1994)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      59.3 (1993-94)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      9.9% (2002 est.)

      Labor force:
      17 million economically active (1998 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45% (1999 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      37% (includes workers no longer looking for employment) (2001 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $22.6 billion
      expenditures: $24.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA billion (FY02/03)

      Industries:
      mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textile, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs

      Industrial production growth rate:
      3% (2002 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      195.6 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 93.5%
      hydro: 1.1%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 5.5%

      Electricity - consumption:
      181.2 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      6.91 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      6.2 billion kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      196,200 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      460,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      7.84 million bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      1.8 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      1.8 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      14.16 million cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products

      Exports:
      $36.77 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment (1998 est.)

      Exports - partners:
      UK 12.8%, US 12.7%, Germany 9.3%, Japan 8.9%, Italy 5.8% (2002)

      Imports:
      $33.89 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs (2000 est.)

      Imports - partners:
      Germany 15.5%, US 9.5%, UK 9.1%, Japan 5.8%, Saudi Arabia 5.3%, France 5%, China 4.9% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $24.7 billion (2002 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $487.5 million (2000)

      Currency:
      rand (ZAR)

      Currency code:
      ZAR

      Exchange rates:
      rand per US dollar - 7.56 (2003), 10.54 (2002), 8.61 (2001), 6.94 (2000), 6.11 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      1 April - 31 March


      NOTE: The information regarding South Africa on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of South Africa Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about South Africa Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/south_africa/south_africa_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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