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    Spain Geography - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/spain/spain_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France

      Geographic coordinates:
      40 00 N, 4 00 W

      Map references:
      Europe

      Area:
      total: 504,782 sq km
      water: 5,240 sq km
      note: there are 19 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco - Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera
      land: 499,542 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly more than twice the size of Oregon

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,917.8 km
      border countries: Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km

      Coastline:
      4,964 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM (applies only to the Atlantic Ocean)

      Climate:
      temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast

      Terrain:
      large, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands 3,718 m

      Natural resources:
      coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 28.6%
      permanent crops: 9.56%
      other: 61.84% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      36,400 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      pollution of the Mediterranean Sea from raw sewage and effluents from the offshore production of oil and gas; water quality and quantity nationwide; air pollution; deforestation; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants

      Geography - note:
      strategic location along approaches to Strait of Gibraltar


      NOTE: The information regarding Spain on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Spain Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Spain Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/spain/spain_geography.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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