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    Swaziland Geography - 2004

      Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

      Geographic coordinates:
      26 30 S, 31 30 E

      Map references:

      total: 17,363 sq km
      water: 160 sq km
      land: 17,203 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries:
      total: 535 km
      border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      varies from tropical to near temperate

      mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Great Usutu River 21 m
      highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m

      Natural resources:
      asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

      Land use:
      arable land: 9.77%
      permanent crops: 0.7%
      other: 89.53% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      690 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:

      Environment - current issues:
      limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depleted because of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Swaziland on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Swaziland Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Swaziland Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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