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    Tonga Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/tonga/tonga_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Tonga, a small, open, South Pacific island economy, has a narrow export base in agricultural goods. Squash, coconuts, bananas, and vanilla beans are the main crops, and agricultural exports make up two-thirds of total exports. The country must import a high proportion of its food, mainly from New Zealand. Tourism is the second-largest source of hard currency earnings following remittances. The country remains dependent on external aid and remittances from Tongan communities overseas to offset its trade deficit. The government is emphasizing the development of the private sector, especially the encouragement of investment, and is committing increased funds for health and education. Tonga has a reasonably sound basic infrastructure and well-developed social services. High unemployment among the young and the continuing upturn in inflation are major issues facing the government.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $236 million (2001 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      3% (2001 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $2,200 (2001 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 26%
      industry: 12%
      services: 62% (2001 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      NA% (1999)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      10.3% (2002 est.)

      Labor force:
      33,908 (1996)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 65% (1997 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      13.3% (1996 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $39.9 million
      expenditures: $52.4 million, including capital expenditures of $1.9 million (FY99/00 est.)

      Industries:
      tourism, fishing

      Industrial production growth rate:
      8.6% (FY98/99)

      Electricity - production:
      27.27 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      25.36 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      1,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Agriculture - products:
      squash, coconuts, copra, bananas, vanilla beans, cocoa, coffee, ginger, black pepper; fish

      Exports:
      $27 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      squash, fish, vanilla beans, root crops

      Exports - partners:
      Japan 40.7%, US 37%, Germany 3.7% (2002)

      Imports:
      $86 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      foodstuffs, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, chemicals

      Imports - partners:
      New Zealand 31.4%, Fiji 20.9%, US 14%, Australia 12.8%, China 5.8% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $63.4 million (2001)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      Australia $5.5 million, New Zealand $2.3 million (FY01/02)

      Currency:
      pa'anga (TOP)

      Currency code:
      TOP

      Exchange rates:
      pa'anga per US dollar - NA (2003), 2.2 (2002), 2.12 (2001), 1.76 (2000), 1.6 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      1 July - 30 June


      NOTE: The information regarding Tonga on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tonga Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tonga Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/tonga/tonga_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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