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    Tunisia Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/tunisia/tunisia_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Tunisia has a diverse economy, with important agricultural, mining, energy, tourism, and manufacturing sectors. Governmental control of economic affairs while still heavy has gradually lessened over the past decade with increasing privatization, simplification of the tax structure, and a prudent approach to debt. Real growth, averaging 5 percent for the latter half of the last decade, slowed to a 15-year low of 1.9% in 2002 because of agricultural drought, slow investment, and lackluster tourism. Better rains in 2003, however, pushed GDP growth up to an estimated 6 percent, and tourism also recovered after the end of combat operations in Iraq. GDP growth is likely to ease to the 5-5.5 percent range in 2004 as the agricultural sector is unlikely to continue to expand as rapidly. Tunisia has agreed to gradually remove barriers to trade with the European Union over the next decade. Broader privatization, further liberalization of the investment code to increase foreign investment, improvements in government efficiency, and reduction of the trade deficit are among the challenges for the future.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $68.78 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      6% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $6,900 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 12%
      industry: 32%
      services: 56% (2003 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      7.6% (2001 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2.3%
      highest 10%: 31.8% (1995)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      41.7 (1995)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2.7% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      3.5 million
      note: shortage of skilled labor (2001 est.)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      services 55%, industry 23%, agriculture 22% (1995 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      14.3% (2003 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $5.2 billion
      expenditures: $5.7 billion, including capital expenditures of $1.6 billion (2002 est.)

      Industries:
      petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages

      Industrial production growth rate:
      3.1% (2003 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      10.48 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 99.5%
      hydro: 0.5%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      9.748 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      1 million kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      72,580 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      87,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      417 million bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      2.25 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      3.83 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      1.58 billion cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      77.16 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      olives, olive oil, grain, dairy products, tomatoes, citrus fruit, beef, sugar beets, dates, almonds

      Exports:
      $8.035 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      textiles, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, agricultural products, hydrocarbons

      Exports - partners:
      France 31.3%, Italy 21.6%, Germany 11.5%, Spain 4.8%, Libya 4.7%, Belgium 4.3% (2002)

      Imports:
      $10.3 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, food

      Imports - partners:
      France 25.6%, Italy 19.5%, Germany 8.9%, Spain 5% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $13.8 billion (2003 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $378 million (2001)

      Currency:
      Tunisian dinar (TND)

      Currency code:
      TND

      Exchange rates:
      Tunisian dinars per US dollar - 1.29 (2003), 1.42 (2002), 1.44 (2001), 1.37 (2000), 1.19 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Tunisia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tunisia Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tunisia Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/tunisia/tunisia_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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