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    Turkmenistan Government - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_government.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Country name:
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Turkmenistan
      local long form: none
      former: Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic
      local short form: Turkmenistan

      Government type:
      republic

      Capital:
      Ashgabat

      Administrative divisions:
      5 provinces (welayatlar, singular - welayat): Ahal Welayaty (Ashgabat), Balkan Welayaty (Balkanabat), Dashoguz Welayaty, Lebap Welayaty (Turkmenabat), Mary Welayaty
      note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

      Independence:
      27 October 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 27 October (1991)

      Constitution:
      adopted 18 May 1992

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system

      Suffrage:
      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV (since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 21 June 1992 (next to be held NA); note - President NIYAZOV was unanimously approved as president for life by the Assembly on 28 December 1999); deputy chairmen of the cabinet of ministers are appointed by the president
      election results: Saparmurat NIYAZOV elected president without opposition; percent of vote - Saparmurat NIYAZOV 99.5%
      note: NIYAZOV's term in office was extended indefinitely on 28 December 1999 by the Assembly (Majlis) during a session of the People's Council (Halk Maslahaty)

      Legislative branch:
      under the 1992 constitution, there are two parliamentary bodies, a unicameral People's Council or Halk Maslahaty (supreme legislative body of up to 2,500 delegates, some of which are elected by popular vote and some of which are appointed; meets at least yearly) and a unicameral Assembly or Majlis (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
      election results: Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA%; seats by party - NA; note - all 50 elected officials preapproved by President NIYAZOV; most are from the DPT
      note: in late 2003, a new law was adopted, reducing the powers of the Majlis and making the Halk Maslahaty the supreme legislative organ; the Halk Maslahaty can now legally dissolve the Majlis, and the president is now able to participate in the Majlis as its supreme leader; the Majlis can no longer adopt or amend the constitution, or announce referendums or its elections; since the president is both the "Chairman for Life" of the Halk Maslahaty and the supreme leader of the Majlis, the 2003 law has the effect of making the president the sole authority of both the executive and legislative branches of government
      elections: People's Council - NA; Assembly - last held 12 December 1999 (next to be held NA 2004)

      Judicial branch:
      Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president)

      Political parties and leaders:
      Democratic Party of Turkmenistan or DPT [Saparmurat NIYAZOV]
      note: formal opposition parties are outlawed; unofficial, small opposition movements exist underground or in foreign countries; the two most prominent opposition groups-in-exile have been Gundogar and Erkin; Gundogar was led by former Foreign Minister Boris SHIKHUMRADOV until his arrest and imprisonment in the wake of the 25 November 2002 assassination attempt on President NIYAZOV; Erkin is led by former Foreign Minister Abdy KULIEV and is based out of Moscow; the Union of Democratic Forces, a coalition of opposition-in-exile groups, is based in Europe

      Political pressure groups and leaders:
      NA

      International organization participation:
      AsDB, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECO, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDB, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, IOM (observer), ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Mered Bairamovich ORAZOV
      FAX: [1] (202) 588-0697
      telephone: [1] (202) 588-1500
      chancery: 2207 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Tracey A. JACOBSON
      embassy: 9 Pushkin Street, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan 774000
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [9] (9312) 35-00-45
      FAX: [9] (9312) 39-26-14

      Flag description:
      green field with a vertical red stripe near the hoist side, containing five carpet guls (designs used in producing rugs) stacked above two crossed olive branches similar to the olive branches on the UN flag; a white crescent moon and five white stars appear in the upper corner of the field just to the fly side of the red stripe


      NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/turkmenistan/turkmenistan_government.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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