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    Western Sahara Economy - 2004

      Economy - overview:
      Western Sahara depends on pastoral nomadism, fishing, and phosphate mining as the principal sources of income for the population. The territory lacks sufficient rainfall for sustainable agricultural production, and most of the food for the urban population must be imported. All trade and other economic activities are controlled by the Moroccan Government. Moroccan energy interests in 2001 signed contracts to explore for oil off the coast of Western Sahara, which has angered the Polisario. Incomes and standards of living in Western Sahara are substantially below the Moroccan level.

      purchasing power parity - $NA

      GDP - real growth rate:

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $NA

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: NA%
      industry: NA%
      services: 40% (1996 est.)

      Population below poverty line:

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):

      Labor force:

      Labor force - by occupation:
      animal husbandry and subsistence farming 50%

      Unemployment rate:

      revenues: $NA
      expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

      phosphate mining, handicrafts

      Industrial production growth rate:

      Electricity - production:
      90 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 100%
      hydro: 0%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      83.7 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      1,800 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:

      Oil - imports:

      Agriculture - products:
      fruits and vegetables (grown in the few oases); camels, sheep, goats (kept by nomads)


      Exports - commodities:
      phosphates 62%

      Exports - partners:
      Morocco claims and administers Western Sahara, so trade partners are included in overall Moroccan accounts


      Imports - commodities:
      fuel for fishing fleet, foodstuffs

      Imports - partners:
      Morocco claims and administers Western Sahara, so trade partners are included in overall Moroccan accounts (2000)

      Debt - external:

      Economic aid - recipient:

      Moroccan dirham (MAD)

      Currency code:

      Exchange rates:
      Moroccan dirhams per US dollar - 9.574 (2003), 11.584 (2002), 11.303 (2001), 10.626 (2000), 9.804 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Western Sahara on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Western Sahara Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Western Sahara Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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