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    Zambia Geography - 2004

      Southern Africa, east of Angola

      Geographic coordinates:
      15 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 752,614 sq km
      water: 11,890 sq km
      land: 740,724 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,664 km
      border countries: Angola 1,110 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,930 km, Malawi 837 km, Mozambique 419 km, Namibia 233 km, Tanzania 338 km, Zimbabwe 797 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)

      mostly high plateau with some hills and mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m
      highest point: unnamed location in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m

      Natural resources:
      copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 7.08%
      permanent crops: 0.03%
      other: 92.89% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      460 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      periodic drought, tropical storms (November to April)

      Environment - current issues:
      air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; chemical runoff into watersheds; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, and large cat populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zimbabwe

      NOTE: The information regarding Zambia on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zambia Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zambia Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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