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    Zimbabwe Geography - 2004

      Southern Africa, between South Africa and Zambia

      Geographic coordinates:
      20 00 S, 30 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 390,580 sq km
      water: 3,910 sq km
      land: 386,670 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than Montana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,066 km
      border countries: Botswana 813 km, Mozambique 1,231 km, South Africa 225 km, Zambia 797 km

      0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      none (landlocked)

      tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)

      mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld); mountains in east

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: junction of the Runde and Save rivers 162 m
      highest point: Inyangani 2,592 m

      Natural resources:
      coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals

      Land use:
      arable land: 8.4%
      permanent crops: 0.34%
      other: 91.26% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      1,170 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      recurring droughts; floods and severe storms are rare

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion; land degradation; air and water pollution; the black rhinoceros herd - once the largest concentration of the species in the world - has been significantly reduced by poaching; poor mining practices have led to toxic waste and heavy metal pollution

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zambia; in full flood (February-April) the massive Victoria Falls on the river forms the world's largest curtain of falling water

      NOTE: The information regarding Zimbabwe on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Zimbabwe Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Zimbabwe Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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