਍㰀栀攀愀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀ഀഀ ਍㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀  䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀猀琀礀氀攀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀㸀ഀഀ A:link { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀瘀椀猀椀琀攀搀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀  挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀    㘀㘀㬀 紀ഀഀ A:active { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀栀漀瘀攀爀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀 挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀㤀㤀  ㌀㌀㬀 紀 ഀഀ a { text-decoration: none}਍㰀⼀猀琀礀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀⠀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ 猀Ⰰ 椀搀⤀ 笀ഀഀ var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];਍  椀昀 ⠀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀ 爀攀琀甀爀渀㬀ഀഀ js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;਍  樀猀⸀猀爀挀 㴀 ∀⼀⼀挀漀渀渀攀挀琀⸀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀⸀渀攀琀⼀攀渀开唀匀⼀愀氀氀⸀樀猀⌀砀昀戀洀氀㴀㄀☀愀瀀瀀䤀搀㴀㄀㠀㌀㘀 ㄀㐀㄀㔀 㠀㈀㄀㐀㘀∀㬀ഀഀ fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);਍紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ ✀猀挀爀椀瀀琀✀Ⰰ ✀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀ⴀ樀猀猀搀欀✀⤀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀  戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀搀爀甀最猀戀最爀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 挀漀氀猀瀀愀渀㴀∀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀㸀ഀഀ | COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS | ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㜀㈀㠀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀攀愀搀攀爀戀漀愀爀搀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "7548094546";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 㜀㈀㠀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 90;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ Austria Government 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES਍㰀琀爀 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀 甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀㌀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀䌀䌀㤀㤀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

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਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀഀ




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਍㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀㔀 ∀㸀ഀഀ GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀  ∀㸀ഀഀ Spanish਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀稀栀ⴀ䌀一☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀挀栀椀渀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀匀椀洀瀀氀椀昀椀攀搀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ French਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀搀攀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀最攀爀洀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䜀攀爀洀愀渀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Russian਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀栀椀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀栀椀渀搀椀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䠀椀渀搀椀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Arabic਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀⼀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀瀀琀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀瀀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀倀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀䠀刀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀愀爀最攀 刀攀挀琀愀渀最氀攀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "8137512903";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 ㌀㌀㘀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 280;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍倀愀最攀 氀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 漀渀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㈀㌀Ⰰഀഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Country name:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀欀 伀攀猀琀攀爀爀攀椀挀栀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 伀攀猀琀攀爀爀攀椀挀栀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀开琀礀瀀攀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 琀礀瀀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ federal republic਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Capital:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嘀椀攀渀渀愀ഀ ਍ഀ
geographic coordinates: 48 12 N, 16 22 E਍ ഀ
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)਍ ഀ
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Administrative divisions:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㤀 猀琀愀琀攀猀 ⠀䈀甀渀搀攀猀氀愀攀渀搀攀爀Ⰰ 猀椀渀最甀氀愀爀 ⴀ 䈀甀渀搀攀猀氀愀渀搀⤀㬀 䈀甀爀最攀渀氀愀渀搀Ⰰ 䬀愀爀渀琀攀渀 ⠀䌀愀爀椀渀琀栀椀愀⤀Ⰰ 一椀攀搀攀爀漀猀琀攀爀爀攀椀挀栀 ⠀䰀漀眀攀爀 䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀⤀Ⰰ 伀戀攀爀漀猀琀攀爀爀攀椀挀栀 ⠀唀瀀瀀攀爀 䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀⤀Ⰰ 匀愀氀稀戀甀爀最Ⰰ 匀琀攀椀攀爀洀愀爀欀 ⠀匀琀礀爀椀愀⤀Ⰰ 吀椀爀漀氀 ⠀吀礀爀漀氀⤀Ⰰ 嘀漀爀愀爀氀戀攀爀最Ⰰ 圀椀攀渀 ⠀嘀椀攀渀渀愀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀∀㸀䤀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 12 November 1918 (republic proclaimed); notable earlier dates: 976 (Margravate of Austria established); 17 September 1156 (Duchy of Austria founded); 11 August 1804 (Austrian Empire proclaimed)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National holiday:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䐀愀礀Ⰰ ㈀㘀 伀挀琀漀戀攀爀 ⠀㄀㤀㔀㔀⤀㬀 渀漀琀攀 ⴀ 挀漀洀洀攀洀漀爀愀琀攀猀 琀栀攀 瀀愀猀猀愀最攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 氀愀眀 漀渀 瀀攀爀洀愀渀攀渀琀 渀攀甀琀爀愀氀椀琀礀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀∀㸀䌀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 1 October 1920; revised 1929; reinstated 1 May 1945; revised many times; note - during the period 1 May 1934-1 May 1945 there was a fascist (corporative) constitution in place਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legal system:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 挀椀瘀椀氀 氀愀眀 猀礀猀琀攀洀㬀 樀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 爀攀瘀椀攀眀 漀昀 氀攀最椀猀氀愀琀椀瘀攀 愀挀琀猀 戀礀 琀栀攀 䌀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀漀甀爀琀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀椀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开氀愀眀开漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀开瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀∀㸀䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀愀眀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Suffrage:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㄀㘀 礀攀愀爀猀 漀昀 愀最攀㬀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀愀氀㬀 渀漀琀攀 ⴀ 爀攀搀甀挀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 ㄀㠀 礀攀愀爀猀 漀昀 愀最攀 椀渀 ㈀  㜀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀഀ
[see also: Suffrage country ranks ]਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀愀甀猀琀爀椀愀开挀栀椀攀昀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䔀砀攀挀甀琀椀瘀攀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㰀⼀愀㸀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of state: President Heinz FISCHER (SPOe) (since 8 July 2004)਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀栀攀愀搀 漀昀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䌀栀愀渀挀攀氀氀漀爀 圀攀爀渀攀爀 䘀䄀夀䴀䄀一一 ⠀匀倀伀攀⤀ ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 ㈀ 䐀攀挀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀  㠀⤀㬀 嘀椀挀攀 䌀栀愀渀挀攀氀氀漀爀 䴀椀挀栀愀攀氀 匀倀䤀一䐀䔀䰀䔀䜀䜀䔀刀 ⠀伀攀嘀倀⤀ ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 ㈀㄀ 䄀瀀爀椀氀 ㈀ ㄀㄀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀愀戀椀渀攀琀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 漀昀 䴀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀猀 挀栀漀猀攀渀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 漀渀 琀栀攀 愀搀瘀椀挀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀栀愀渀挀攀氀氀漀爀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 昀漀爀 愀 猀椀砀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀 ⠀攀氀椀最椀戀氀攀 昀漀爀 愀 猀攀挀漀渀搀 琀攀爀洀⤀ 戀礀 搀椀爀攀挀琀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 瘀漀琀攀 愀渀搀 昀漀爀洀愀氀氀礀 猀眀漀爀渀 椀渀琀漀 漀昀昀椀挀攀 戀攀昀漀爀攀 琀栀攀 䘀攀搀攀爀愀氀 䄀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀 漀爀 䈀甀渀搀攀猀瘀攀爀猀愀洀洀氀甀渀最㬀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀椀愀氀 攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 氀愀猀琀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 ㈀㔀 䄀瀀爀椀氀 ㈀ ㄀  ⠀渀攀砀琀 琀漀 戀攀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 ㈀㔀 䄀瀀爀椀氀 ㈀ ㄀㘀⤀㬀 挀栀愀渀挀攀氀氀漀爀 昀漀爀洀愀氀氀礀 挀栀漀猀攀渀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 戀甀琀 搀攀琀攀爀洀椀渀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 挀漀愀氀椀琀椀漀渀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀 昀漀爀洀椀渀最 愀 瀀愀爀氀椀愀洀攀渀琀愀爀礀 洀愀樀漀爀椀琀礀㬀 瘀椀挀攀 挀栀愀渀挀攀氀氀漀爀 挀栀漀猀攀渀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 漀渀 琀栀攀 愀搀瘀椀挀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀栀愀渀挀攀氀氀漀爀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䠀攀椀渀稀 䘀䤀匀䌀䠀䔀刀 爀攀攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀㬀 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 ⴀ 䠀攀椀渀稀 䘀䤀匀䌀䠀䔀刀 㜀㤀⸀㌀㌀─Ⰰ 䈀愀爀戀愀爀愀 刀伀匀䔀一䬀刀䄀一娀 ㄀㔀⸀㈀㐀─Ⰰ 刀甀搀漀氀昀 䜀䔀䠀刀䤀一䜀 㔀⸀㐀㌀─ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: government coalition - SPOe and OeVP਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legislative branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 戀椀挀愀洀攀爀愀氀 䘀攀搀攀爀愀氀 䄀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀 漀爀 䈀甀渀搀攀猀瘀攀爀猀愀洀洀氀甀渀最 挀漀渀猀椀猀琀猀 漀昀 䘀攀搀攀爀愀氀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 漀爀 䈀甀渀搀攀猀爀愀琀 ⠀㘀㈀ 猀攀愀琀猀㬀 搀攀氀攀最愀琀攀猀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 戀礀 猀琀愀琀攀 瀀愀爀氀椀愀洀攀渀琀猀 眀椀琀栀 攀愀挀栀 猀琀愀琀攀 爀攀挀攀椀瘀椀渀最 ㌀ 琀漀 ㄀㈀ 猀攀愀琀猀 椀渀 瀀爀漀瀀漀爀琀椀漀渀 琀漀 椀琀猀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀琀椀漀渀㬀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 猀攀爀瘀攀 昀椀瘀攀ⴀ 漀爀 猀椀砀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀猀⤀ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 漀爀 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀爀愀琀 ⠀㄀㠀㌀ 猀攀愀琀猀㬀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 瘀漀琀攀 昀漀爀 愀 昀椀瘀攀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀 甀渀搀攀爀 愀 猀礀猀琀攀洀 漀昀 瀀爀漀瀀漀爀琀椀漀渀愀氀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 眀椀琀栀 瀀愀爀琀椀愀氀氀礀ⴀ漀瀀攀渀 瀀愀爀琀礀 氀椀猀琀猀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 ⴀ 氀愀猀琀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 ㈀㠀 匀攀瀀琀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀  㠀 ⠀渀攀砀琀 琀漀 戀攀 栀攀氀搀 戀礀 匀攀瀀琀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀ ㄀㌀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 ⴀ 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 匀倀伀攀 ㈀㤀⸀㌀─Ⰰ 伀攀嘀倀 ㈀㘀─Ⰰ 䘀倀伀攀 ㄀㜀⸀㔀─Ⰰ 䈀娀伀攀 ㄀ ⸀㜀─Ⰰ 䜀爀攀攀渀猀 ㄀ ⸀㐀─Ⰰ 漀琀栀攀爀 㘀⸀㄀─㬀 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 匀倀伀攀 㔀㜀Ⰰ 伀攀嘀倀 㔀㄀Ⰰ 䘀倀伀攀 ㌀㐀Ⰰ 䈀娀伀攀 ㈀㄀Ⰰ 䜀爀攀攀渀猀 ㈀ 㬀 渀漀琀攀 ⴀ 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 猀椀渀挀攀 ㈀ ㄀  ⴀ 匀倀伀攀 㔀㜀Ⰰ 伀攀嘀倀 㔀㄀Ⰰ 䘀倀伀攀 ㌀㤀Ⰰ 䈀娀伀攀 ㄀㘀Ⰰ 䜀爀攀攀渀猀 ㈀ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀樀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀开戀爀愀渀挀栀∀㸀䨀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Supreme Judicial Court or Oberster Gerichtshof; Administrative Court or Verwaltungsgerichtshof; Constitutional Court or Verfassungsgerichtshof਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Political parties and leaders:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䄀氀氀椀愀渀挀攀 昀漀爀 琀栀攀 䘀甀琀甀爀攀 漀昀 䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀 漀爀 䈀娀伀攀 嬀䨀漀猀攀昀 䈀唀䌀䠀䔀刀崀㬀 䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀渀 倀攀漀瀀氀攀✀猀 倀愀爀琀礀 漀爀 伀攀嘀倀 嬀䴀椀挀栀愀攀氀 匀倀䤀一䐀䔀䰀䔀䜀䜀䔀刀崀㬀 䘀爀攀攀搀漀洀 倀愀爀琀礀 漀昀 䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀 漀爀 䘀倀伀攀 嬀䠀攀椀渀稀 䌀栀爀椀猀琀椀愀渀 匀吀刀䄀䌀䠀䔀崀㬀 匀漀挀椀愀氀 䐀攀洀漀挀爀愀琀椀挀 倀愀爀琀礀 漀昀 䄀甀猀琀爀椀愀 漀爀 匀倀伀攀 嬀圀攀爀渀攀爀 䘀䄀夀䴀䄀一一崀㬀 吀栀攀 䜀爀攀攀渀猀 嬀䔀瘀愀 䜀䰀䄀圀䤀匀䌀䠀一䤀䜀崀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀开瀀爀攀猀猀甀爀攀开最爀漀甀瀀猀开愀渀搀开氀攀愀搀攀爀猀∀㸀倀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀爀攀猀猀甀爀攀 最爀漀甀瀀猀 愀渀搀 氀攀愀搀攀爀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Austrian Trade Union Federation or OeGB (nominally independent but primarily Social Democratic); Federal Economic Chamber; Labor Chamber or AK (Social Democratic-leaning think tank); OeVP-oriented Association of Austrian Industrialists or IV; Roman Catholic Church, including its chief lay organization, Catholic Action਍ ഀ
other: three composite leagues of the Austrian People's Party or OeVP representing business, labor, farmers, and other nongovernment organizations in the areas of environment and human rights਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

International organization participation:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䄀䐀䈀 ⠀渀漀渀爀攀最椀漀渀愀氀 洀攀洀戀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 䄀昀䐀䈀 ⠀渀漀渀爀攀最椀漀渀愀氀 洀攀洀戀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 䄀甀猀琀爀愀氀椀愀 䜀爀漀甀瀀Ⰰ 䈀䤀匀Ⰰ 䈀匀䔀䌀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 䌀䔀Ⰰ 䌀䔀䤀Ⰰ 䌀䔀刀一Ⰰ 䔀䄀倀䌀Ⰰ 䔀䈀刀䐀Ⰰ 䔀䌀䈀Ⰰ 䔀䤀䈀Ⰰ 䔀䴀唀Ⰰ 䔀匀䄀Ⰰ 䔀唀Ⰰ 䘀䄀伀Ⰰ 䘀䄀吀䘀Ⰰ 䜀ⴀ㤀Ⰰ 䤀䄀䐀䈀Ⰰ 䤀䄀䔀䄀Ⰰ 䤀䈀刀䐀Ⰰ 䤀䌀䄀伀Ⰰ 䤀䌀䌀Ⰰ 䤀䌀刀䴀Ⰰ 䤀䐀䄀Ⰰ 䤀䔀䄀Ⰰ 䤀䘀䄀䐀Ⰰ 䤀䘀䌀Ⰰ 䤀䘀刀䌀匀Ⰰ 䤀䜀䄀䐀 ⠀瀀愀爀琀渀攀爀猀⤀Ⰰ 䤀䰀伀Ⰰ 䤀䴀䘀Ⰰ 䤀䴀伀Ⰰ 䤀渀琀攀爀瀀漀氀Ⰰ 䤀伀䌀Ⰰ 䤀伀䴀Ⰰ 䤀倀唀Ⰰ 䤀匀伀Ⰰ 䤀吀匀伀Ⰰ 䤀吀唀Ⰰ 䤀吀唀䌀Ⰰ 䴀䤀䜀䄀Ⰰ 䴀䤀一唀刀匀伀Ⰰ 一䔀䄀Ⰰ 一匀䜀Ⰰ 伀䄀匀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 伀䔀䌀䐀Ⰰ 伀䤀䘀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 伀倀䌀圀Ⰰ 伀匀䌀䔀Ⰰ 倀愀爀椀猀 䌀氀甀戀Ⰰ 倀䌀䄀Ⰰ 倀䘀倀Ⰰ 匀挀栀攀渀最攀渀 䌀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 匀䔀䰀䔀䌀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 唀一Ⰰ 唀一䌀吀䄀䐀Ⰰ 唀一䐀伀䘀Ⰰ 唀一䔀匀䌀伀Ⰰ 唀一䘀䤀䌀夀倀Ⰰ 唀一䠀䌀刀Ⰰ 唀一吀匀伀Ⰰ 唀一圀吀伀Ⰰ 唀倀唀Ⰰ 圀䌀伀Ⰰ 圀䘀吀唀Ⰰ 圀䠀伀Ⰰ 圀䤀倀伀Ⰰ 圀䴀伀Ⰰ 圀吀伀Ⰰ 娀䌀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀搀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀开爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀开椀渀开琀栀攀开甀猀∀㸀䐀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 琀栀攀 唀匀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of mission: Ambassador Hans Peter MANZ਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀栀愀渀挀攀爀礀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ㌀㔀㈀㐀 䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀漀甀爀琀 一圀Ⰰ 圀愀猀栀椀渀最琀漀渀Ⰰ 䐀䌀 ㈀   㠀ⴀ㌀ ㌀㔀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀琀攀氀攀瀀栀漀渀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㄀崀 ⠀㈀ ㈀⤀ 㠀㤀㔀ⴀ㘀㜀  ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀䘀䄀堀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㄀崀 ⠀㈀ ㈀⤀ 㠀㤀㔀ⴀ㘀㜀㔀 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀猀甀氀愀琀攀⠀猀⤀ 最攀渀攀爀愀氀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䌀栀椀挀愀最漀Ⰰ 䰀漀猀 䄀渀最攀氀攀猀Ⰰ 一攀眀 夀漀爀欀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀搀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀开爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀开昀爀漀洀开琀栀攀开甀猀∀㸀䐀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 唀匀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of mission: Ambassador William C. EACHO III਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀洀戀愀猀猀礀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䈀漀氀琀稀洀愀渀渀最愀猀猀攀 ㄀㘀Ⰰ 䄀ⴀ㄀ 㤀 Ⰰ 嘀椀攀渀渀愀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀洀愀椀氀椀渀最 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 甀猀攀 攀洀戀愀猀猀礀 猀琀爀攀攀琀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀琀攀氀攀瀀栀漀渀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㐀㌀崀 ⠀㄀⤀ ㌀㄀㌀㌀㤀ⴀ ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀䘀䄀堀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㐀㌀崀 ⠀㄀⤀ ㌀㄀  㘀㠀㈀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀昀氀愀最猀⼀∀㸀䘀氀愀最㰀⼀愀㸀 搀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red; the flag design is certainly one of the oldest - if not the oldest - national banners in the world; according to tradition, in 1191, following a fierce battle in the Third Crusade, Duke Leopold V of Austria's white tunic became completely blood-spattered; upon removal of his wide belt or sash, a white band was revealed; the red-white-red color combination was subsequently adopted as his banner਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National symbol(s):
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 戀氀愀挀欀 攀愀最氀攀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开愀渀琀栀攀洀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀渀琀栀攀洀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ name: "Bundeshymne" (Federal Hymn)਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍㰀搀椀瘀 椀搀㴀∀洀攀搀椀愀瀀氀愀礀攀爀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀栀攀椀最栀琀㨀 ㈀㌀瀀砀㬀∀㸀ഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀ഀ jwplayer("mediaplayer").setup({਍✀昀氀愀猀栀瀀氀愀礀攀爀✀ 㨀 ∀瀀氀愀礀攀爀⸀猀眀昀∀Ⰰഀ 'file': "../anthems/AU.mp3",਍✀挀漀渀琀爀漀氀戀愀爀✀㨀 ✀戀漀琀琀漀洀✀Ⰰഀ 'width': '370',਍✀栀攀椀最栀琀✀㨀 ✀㈀㌀✀ഀ });਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀礀爀椀挀猀⼀洀甀猀椀挀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 倀愀甀氀愀 瘀漀渀 倀刀䔀刀䄀䐀伀嘀䤀䌀⼀圀漀氀昀最愀渀最 䄀洀愀搀攀甀猀 䴀伀娀䄀刀吀 漀爀 䨀漀栀愀渀渀 䠀伀䰀娀䔀刀 ⠀搀椀猀瀀甀琀攀搀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: adopted 1947; the anthem is also known as "Land der Berge, Land am Strome" (Land of the Mountains, Land on the River); Austria adopted a new national anthem after World War II to replace the former imperial anthem composed by Franz Josef HAYDN, which had been appropriated by Germany in 1922 and was now associated with the Nazi regime਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀瀀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀䈀刀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀 㴀 ∀ⴀ㈀∀㸀㰀䈀㸀ഀഀ NOTE: The information regarding Austria on this page is re-published from the 2012 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Austria Government 2012 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Austria Government 2012 should be addressed to the CIA. ਍㰀⼀䈀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀倀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ


਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⌀∀ 漀渀䌀氀椀挀欀㴀∀䄀搀搀吀漀䘀愀瘀攀猀开栀瀀⠀⤀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀戀漀漀欀洀愀爀欀开戀愀渀渀攀爀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㜀㘀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㔀㈀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀戀爀漀眀渀㸀ഀഀ - Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ - If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line.਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀ https://immigration-usa.com/world_fact_book_2012/austria/austria_government.html਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ This page was last modified 07-Mar-12
਍䌀漀瀀礀爀椀最栀琀 ☀挀漀瀀礀 ㄀㤀㤀㔀ⴀ㈀ ㄀㈀ 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀琀愀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀吀䄀㰀⼀愀㸀 愀氀氀 爀椀最栀琀猀 爀攀猀攀爀瘀攀搀⸀ഀഀ
਍ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀爀洀 愀挀琀椀漀渀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀挀猀攀∀ 椀搀㴀∀挀猀攀ⴀ猀攀愀爀挀栀ⴀ戀漀砀∀㸀ഀഀ
਍    㰀椀渀瀀甀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀栀椀搀搀攀渀∀ 渀愀洀攀㴀∀挀砀∀ 瘀愀氀甀攀㴀∀瀀愀爀琀渀攀爀ⴀ瀀甀戀ⴀ㜀㐀㌀㜀㜀㔀㜀㔀㐀㌀ 㔀㈀㜀㐀㤀㨀椀㠀瘀㔀礀最ⴀ漀戀昀㈀∀ ⼀㸀ഀഀ ਍    㰀椀渀瀀甀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀∀ 渀愀洀攀㴀∀焀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀㘀∀ ⼀㸀ഀഀ ਍  㰀⼀搀椀瘀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀挀猀攀⼀戀爀愀渀搀㼀昀漀爀洀㴀挀猀攀ⴀ猀攀愀爀挀栀ⴀ戀漀砀☀氀愀渀最㴀攀渀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀℀ⴀⴀ 䔀渀搀 匀椀琀攀匀攀愀爀挀栀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀㸀ഀഀ
    ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀∀㸀簀䴀愀椀渀 䤀一䐀䔀堀簀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • 2012 INDEX਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀漀甀渀琀爀礀 刀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
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      ਍ഀഀ
      ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀℀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ猀Ⰰ椀搀⤀笀瘀愀爀 樀猀Ⰰ昀樀猀㴀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀猀䈀礀吀愀最一愀洀攀⠀猀⤀嬀 崀㬀椀昀⠀℀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀笀樀猀㴀搀⸀挀爀攀愀琀攀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀⠀猀⤀㬀樀猀⸀椀搀㴀椀搀㬀樀猀⸀猀爀挀㴀∀⼀⼀瀀氀愀琀昀漀爀洀⸀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀椀搀最攀琀猀⸀樀猀∀㬀昀樀猀⸀瀀愀爀攀渀琀一漀搀攀⸀椀渀猀攀爀琀䈀攀昀漀爀攀⠀樀猀Ⰰ昀樀猀⤀㬀紀紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ∀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀Ⰰ∀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀ⴀ眀樀猀∀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ

      ਍㰀最㨀瀀氀甀猀漀渀攀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀洀攀搀椀甀洀∀ 愀渀渀漀琀愀琀椀漀渀㴀∀渀漀渀攀∀㸀㰀⼀最㨀瀀氀甀猀漀渀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
      ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀栀琀洀氀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍