਍㰀栀攀愀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀ഀഀ ਍㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀  䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀猀琀礀氀攀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀㸀ഀഀ A:link { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀瘀椀猀椀琀攀搀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀  挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀    㘀㘀㬀 紀ഀഀ A:active { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀栀漀瘀攀爀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀 挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀㤀㤀  ㌀㌀㬀 紀 ഀഀ a { text-decoration: none}਍㰀⼀猀琀礀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀⠀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ 猀Ⰰ 椀搀⤀ 笀ഀഀ var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];਍  椀昀 ⠀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀ 爀攀琀甀爀渀㬀ഀഀ js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;਍  樀猀⸀猀爀挀 㴀 ∀⼀⼀挀漀渀渀攀挀琀⸀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀⸀渀攀琀⼀攀渀开唀匀⼀愀氀氀⸀樀猀⌀砀昀戀洀氀㴀㄀☀愀瀀瀀䤀搀㴀㄀㠀㌀㘀 ㄀㐀㄀㔀 㠀㈀㄀㐀㘀∀㬀ഀഀ fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);਍紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ ✀猀挀爀椀瀀琀✀Ⰰ ✀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀ⴀ樀猀猀搀欀✀⤀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀  戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀搀爀甀最猀戀最爀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 挀漀氀猀瀀愀渀㴀∀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀㸀ഀഀ | COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS | ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㜀㈀㠀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀攀愀搀攀爀戀漀愀爀搀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "7548094546";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 㜀㈀㠀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 90;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ Ireland Government 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES਍㰀琀爀 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀 甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀㌀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀䌀䌀㤀㤀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

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਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀഀ




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਍㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀㔀 ∀㸀ഀഀ GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀  ∀㸀ഀഀ Spanish਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀稀栀ⴀ䌀一☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀挀栀椀渀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀匀椀洀瀀氀椀昀椀攀搀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ French਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀搀攀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀最攀爀洀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䜀攀爀洀愀渀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Russian਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀栀椀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀栀椀渀搀椀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䠀椀渀搀椀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Arabic਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀瀀琀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀瀀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀倀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀䠀刀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀愀爀最攀 刀攀挀琀愀渀最氀攀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "8137512903";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 ㌀㌀㘀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 280;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍倀愀最攀 氀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 漀渀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㈀㜀Ⰰഀഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Country name:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 渀漀渀攀 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 渀漀渀攀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䔀椀爀攀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀开琀礀瀀攀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 琀礀瀀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ republic, parliamentary democracy਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Capital:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䐀甀戀氀椀渀ഀ ਍ഀ
geographic coordinates: 53 19 N, 6 14 W਍ ഀ
time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)਍ ഀ
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Administrative divisions:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㈀㤀 挀漀甀渀琀椀攀猀 愀渀搀 㔀 挀椀琀椀攀猀⨀㬀 䌀愀爀氀漀眀Ⰰ 䌀愀瘀愀渀Ⰰ 䌀氀愀爀攀Ⰰ 䌀漀爀欀Ⰰ 䌀漀爀欀⨀Ⰰ 䐀漀渀攀最愀氀Ⰰ 䐀甀戀氀椀渀⨀Ⰰ 䐀甀渀 䰀愀漀最栀愀椀爀攀ⴀ刀愀琀栀搀漀眀渀Ⰰ 䘀椀渀最愀氀Ⰰ 䜀愀氀眀愀礀Ⰰ 䜀愀氀眀愀礀⨀Ⰰ 䬀攀爀爀礀Ⰰ 䬀椀氀搀愀爀攀Ⰰ 䬀椀氀欀攀渀渀礀Ⰰ 䰀愀漀椀猀Ⰰ 䰀攀椀琀爀椀洀Ⰰ 䰀椀洀攀爀椀挀欀Ⰰ 䰀椀洀攀爀椀挀欀⨀Ⰰ 䰀漀渀最昀漀爀搀Ⰰ 䰀漀甀琀栀Ⰰ 䴀愀礀漀Ⰰ 䴀攀愀琀栀Ⰰ 䴀漀渀愀最栀愀渀Ⰰ 一漀爀琀栀 吀椀瀀瀀攀爀愀爀礀Ⰰ 伀昀昀愀氀礀Ⰰ 刀漀猀挀漀洀洀漀渀Ⰰ 匀氀椀最漀Ⰰ 匀漀甀琀栀 䐀甀戀氀椀渀Ⰰ 匀漀甀琀栀 吀椀瀀瀀攀爀愀爀礀Ⰰ 圀愀琀攀爀昀漀爀搀Ⰰ 圀愀琀攀爀昀漀爀搀⨀Ⰰ 圀攀猀琀洀攀愀琀栀Ⰰ 圀攀砀昀漀爀搀Ⰰ 圀椀挀欀氀漀眀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀∀㸀䤀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 6 December 1921 (from the UK by treaty)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National holiday:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 匀愀椀渀琀 倀愀琀爀椀挀欀✀猀 䐀愀礀Ⰰ ㄀㜀 䴀愀爀挀栀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀∀㸀䌀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ adopted 1 July 1937 by plebiscite; effective 29 December 1937਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legal system:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 挀漀洀洀漀渀 氀愀眀 猀礀猀琀攀洀 戀愀猀攀搀 漀渀 琀栀攀 䔀渀最氀椀猀栀 洀漀搀攀氀 戀甀琀 猀甀戀猀琀愀渀琀椀愀氀氀礀 洀漀搀椀昀椀攀搀 戀礀 挀甀猀琀漀洀愀爀礀 氀愀眀㬀 樀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 爀攀瘀椀攀眀 漀昀 氀攀最椀猀氀愀琀椀瘀攀 愀挀琀猀 椀渀 匀甀瀀爀攀洀攀 䌀漀甀爀琀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀椀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开氀愀眀开漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀开瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀∀㸀䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀愀眀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Suffrage:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㄀㠀 礀攀愀爀猀 漀昀 愀最攀㬀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀愀氀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀഀ
[see also: Suffrage country ranks ]਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开挀栀椀攀昀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䔀砀攀挀甀琀椀瘀攀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㰀⼀愀㸀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of state: President Michael D. HIGGINS (since 29 October 2011)਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀栀攀愀搀 漀昀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 吀愀漀椀猀攀愀挀栀 ⠀倀爀椀洀攀 䴀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀⤀ 䔀渀搀愀 䬀䔀一一夀 ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 㤀 䴀愀爀挀栀 ㈀ ㄀㄀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀愀戀椀渀攀琀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䌀愀戀椀渀攀琀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 眀椀琀栀 瀀爀攀瘀椀漀甀猀 渀漀洀椀渀愀琀椀漀渀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀椀洀攀 洀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀 愀渀搀 愀瀀瀀爀漀瘀愀氀 漀昀 琀栀攀 氀漀眀攀爀 栀漀甀猀攀 漀昀 倀愀爀氀椀愀洀攀渀琀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 瘀漀琀攀 昀漀爀 愀 猀攀瘀攀渀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀 ⠀攀氀椀最椀戀氀攀 昀漀爀 愀 猀攀挀漀渀搀 琀攀爀洀⤀㬀 攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 氀愀猀琀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 ㈀㤀 伀挀琀漀戀攀爀 ㈀ ㄀㄀ ⠀渀攀砀琀 猀挀栀攀搀甀氀攀搀 昀漀爀 伀挀琀漀戀攀爀 ㈀ ㄀㠀⤀㬀 瀀爀椀洀攀 洀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀 ⠀琀愀漀椀猀攀愀挀栀⤀ 渀漀洀椀渀愀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 䠀漀甀猀攀 漀昀 刀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀瘀攀猀 ⠀䐀愀椀氀 䔀椀爀攀愀渀渀⤀ 愀渀搀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䴀椀挀栀愀攀氀 䐀⸀ 䠀䤀䜀䜀䤀一匀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀㬀 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 ⴀ 䴀椀挀栀愀攀氀 䐀⸀ 䠀䤀䜀䜀䤀一匀 ㌀㤀⸀㘀─Ⰰ 匀攀愀渀 䜀䄀䰀䰀䄀䜀䠀䔀刀 ㈀㠀⸀㔀─Ⰰ 䴀愀爀琀椀渀 䴀䌀䜀唀䤀一一䔀匀匀 ㄀㌀⸀㜀─Ⰰ 䜀愀礀 䴀䤀吀䌀䠀䔀䰀䰀 㘀⸀㐀─Ⰰ 䐀愀瘀椀搀 一伀刀刀䤀匀 㘀⸀㈀─ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀氀攀最椀猀氀愀琀椀瘀攀开戀爀愀渀挀栀∀㸀䰀攀最椀猀氀愀琀椀瘀攀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ bicameral Parliament or Oireachtas consists of the Senate or Seanad Eireann (60 seats; 49 members elected by the universities and from candidates put forward by five vocational panels, 11 are nominated by the prime minister; members serve five-year terms) and the lower house of Parliament or Dail Eireann (166 seats; members elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)਍ ഀ
elections: Senate - last held in 27 April 2011 (next to be held 2016); House of Representatives - last held on 25 February 2011 (next to be held probably in 2016)਍ ഀ
election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Fine Gael 19, Fianna Fail 14, Labor Party 12, Sinn Fein 3, independents 12; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - Fine Gael 45.8%, Labor Party 22.3%, Fianna Fail 12.0%, Sinn Fein 8.4%, United Left Alliance 3.0%, New Vision 0.6%, independents 7.8%; seats by party - Fine Gael 76, Labor Party 37, Fianna Fail 20, Sinn Fein 14, United Left Alliance 5, New Vision 1, independents 13; note - after November 2009 disbandment of the Progressive Democrats, the two members of the Senate continued as independent DPs਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 漀渀 㠀 一漀瘀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀  㠀Ⰰ 搀攀氀攀最愀琀攀猀 瘀漀琀攀搀 琀漀 搀椀猀戀愀渀搀 琀栀攀 倀爀漀最爀攀猀猀椀瘀攀 䐀攀洀漀挀爀愀琀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 椀渀 一漀瘀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀  㤀 椀琀 漀昀昀椀挀椀愀氀氀礀 猀琀漀瀀瀀攀搀 漀瀀攀爀愀琀椀渀最 愀猀 愀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀愀爀琀礀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀樀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀开戀爀愀渀挀栀∀㸀䨀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Supreme Court (Court of Final Appeal) (judges appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet); Courts of First Instance (includes High Court)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Political parties and leaders:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䘀椀愀渀渀愀 䘀愀椀氀 嬀䴀椀挀栀愀攀氀 䴀䄀刀吀䤀一崀㬀 䘀椀渀攀 䜀愀攀氀 嬀䔀渀搀愀 䬀䔀一一夀崀㬀 䜀爀攀攀渀 倀愀爀琀礀 嬀䔀愀洀漀渀 刀夀䄀一崀㬀 䰀愀戀漀爀 倀愀爀琀礀 嬀䔀愀洀漀渀 䜀䤀䰀䴀伀刀䔀崀㬀 一攀眀 嘀椀猀椀漀渀㬀 匀椀渀渀 䘀攀椀渀 嬀䜀攀爀爀礀 䄀䐀䄀䴀匀崀㬀 匀漀挀椀愀氀椀猀琀 倀愀爀琀礀 嬀䨀漀攀 䠀䤀䜀䜀䤀一匀崀㬀 吀栀攀 圀漀爀欀攀爀猀✀ 倀愀爀琀礀 嬀䴀椀挀栀愀攀氀 䘀䤀一一䔀䜀䄀一崀㬀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 䰀攀昀琀 䄀氀氀椀愀渀挀攀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀开瀀爀攀猀猀甀爀攀开最爀漀甀瀀猀开愀渀搀开氀攀愀搀攀爀猀∀㸀倀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀爀攀猀猀甀爀攀 最爀漀甀瀀猀 愀渀搀 氀攀愀搀攀爀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Families Acting for Innocent Relatives or FAIR [Brian MCCONNELL] (seek compensation for victims of violence); Families Against Intimidation and Terror or FAIT (oppose terrorism); Gaeltacht Civil Rights Campaign (Coiste Cearta Sibhialta na Gaeilge) or CCSG (encourages the use of the Irish language and campaigns for greater civil rights in Irish speaking areas); Iona Institute [David QUINN] (a conservative Catholic think tank); Irish Anti-War Movement [Richard BOYD BARRETT] (campaigns against wars around the world); Irish Republican Army or IRA (terrorist group); Keep Ireland Open (environmental group); Midland Railway Action Group or MRAG [Willie ALLEN] (transportation promoters); Peace and Neutrality Alliance [Roger COLE] (campaigns to protect Irish neutrality); Rail Users Ireland (formerly the Platform 11 - transportation promoters); 32 Country Sovereignty Movement or 32CSM (supports a fully sovereign Ireland); Ulster Defence Association or UDA (terrorist group)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

International organization participation:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䄀䐀䈀 ⠀渀漀渀爀攀最椀漀渀愀氀 洀攀洀戀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 䄀甀猀琀爀愀氀椀愀 䜀爀漀甀瀀Ⰰ 䈀䤀匀Ⰰ 䌀䔀Ⰰ 䔀䄀倀䌀Ⰰ 䔀䈀刀䐀Ⰰ 䔀䌀䈀Ⰰ 䔀䤀䈀Ⰰ 䔀䴀唀Ⰰ 䔀匀䄀Ⰰ 䔀唀Ⰰ 䘀䄀伀Ⰰ 䘀䄀吀䘀Ⰰ 䤀䄀䔀䄀Ⰰ 䤀䈀刀䐀Ⰰ 䤀䌀䄀伀Ⰰ 䤀䌀䌀Ⰰ 䤀䌀刀䴀Ⰰ 䤀䐀䄀Ⰰ 䤀䔀䄀Ⰰ 䤀䘀䄀䐀Ⰰ 䤀䘀䌀Ⰰ 䤀䘀刀䌀匀Ⰰ 䤀䜀䄀䐀 ⠀瀀愀爀琀渀攀爀猀⤀Ⰰ 䤀䠀伀Ⰰ 䤀䰀伀Ⰰ 䤀䴀䘀Ⰰ 䤀䴀伀Ⰰ 䤀渀琀攀爀瀀漀氀Ⰰ 䤀伀䌀Ⰰ 䤀伀䴀Ⰰ 䤀倀唀Ⰰ 䤀匀伀Ⰰ 䤀吀匀伀Ⰰ 䤀吀唀Ⰰ 䤀吀唀䌀Ⰰ 䴀䤀䜀䄀Ⰰ 䴀䤀一唀刀匀伀Ⰰ 䴀伀一唀匀䌀伀Ⰰ 一䔀䄀Ⰰ 一匀䜀Ⰰ 伀䄀匀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 伀䔀䌀䐀Ⰰ 伀倀䌀圀Ⰰ 伀匀䌀䔀Ⰰ 倀愀爀椀猀 䌀氀甀戀Ⰰ 倀䌀䄀Ⰰ 倀䘀倀Ⰰ 唀一Ⰰ 唀一䌀吀䄀䐀Ⰰ 唀一䔀匀䌀伀Ⰰ 唀一䠀䌀刀Ⰰ 唀一䤀䐀伀Ⰰ 唀一䤀䘀䤀䰀Ⰰ 唀一伀䌀䤀Ⰰ 唀一刀圀䄀Ⰰ 唀一吀匀伀Ⰰ 唀倀唀Ⰰ 圀䌀伀Ⰰ 圀䠀伀Ⰰ 圀䤀倀伀Ⰰ 圀䴀伀Ⰰ 圀吀伀Ⰰ 娀䌀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀搀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀开爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀开椀渀开琀栀攀开甀猀∀㸀䐀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 琀栀攀 唀匀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of mission: Ambassador Michael COLLINS਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀栀愀渀挀攀爀礀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ㈀㈀㌀㐀 䴀愀猀猀愀挀栀甀猀攀琀琀猀 䄀瘀攀渀甀攀 一圀Ⰰ 圀愀猀栀椀渀最琀漀渀Ⰰ 䐀䌀 ㈀   㠀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀琀攀氀攀瀀栀漀渀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㄀崀 ⠀㈀ ㈀⤀ 㐀㘀㈀ⴀ㌀㤀㌀㤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀䘀䄀堀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㄀崀 ⠀㈀ ㈀⤀ ㈀㌀㈀ⴀ㔀㤀㤀㌀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀猀甀氀愀琀攀⠀猀⤀ 最攀渀攀爀愀氀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀琀氀愀渀琀愀Ⰰ 䈀漀猀琀漀渀Ⰰ 䌀栀椀挀愀最漀Ⰰ 一攀眀 夀漀爀欀Ⰰ 匀愀渀 䘀爀愀渀挀椀猀挀漀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀搀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀开爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀开昀爀漀洀开琀栀攀开甀猀∀㸀䐀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 唀匀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel ROONEY਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀洀戀愀猀猀礀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 㐀㈀ 䔀氀最椀渀 刀漀愀搀Ⰰ 䈀愀氀氀猀戀爀椀搀最攀Ⰰ 䐀甀戀氀椀渀 㐀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀洀愀椀氀椀渀最 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 甀猀攀 攀洀戀愀猀猀礀 猀琀爀攀攀琀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀琀攀氀攀瀀栀漀渀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㌀㔀㌀崀 ⠀㄀⤀ 㘀㘀㠀ⴀ㠀㜀㜀㜀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀䘀䄀堀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㌀㔀㌀崀 ⠀㄀⤀ 㘀㘀㠀ⴀ㤀㤀㐀㘀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀昀氀愀最猀⼀∀㸀䘀氀愀最㰀⼀愀㸀 搀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), white, and orange; officially the flag colors have no meaning, but a common interpretation is that the green represents the Irish nationalist (Gaelic) tradition of Ireland; orange represents the Orange tradition (minority supporters of William of Orange); white symbolizes peace (or a lasting truce) between the green and the orange਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 猀椀洀椀氀愀爀 琀漀 琀栀攀 昀氀愀最 漀昀 䌀漀琀攀 搀✀䤀瘀漀椀爀攀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀 猀栀漀爀琀攀爀 愀渀搀 栀愀猀 琀栀攀 挀漀氀漀爀猀 爀攀瘀攀爀猀攀搀 ⴀ 漀爀愀渀最攀 ⠀栀漀椀猀琀 猀椀搀攀⤀Ⰰ 眀栀椀琀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 最爀攀攀渀㬀 愀氀猀漀 猀椀洀椀氀愀爀 琀漀 琀栀攀 昀氀愀最 漀昀 䤀琀愀氀礀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 椀猀 猀栀漀爀琀攀爀 愀渀搀 栀愀猀 挀漀氀漀爀猀 漀昀 最爀攀攀渀 ⠀栀漀椀猀琀 猀椀搀攀⤀Ⰰ 眀栀椀琀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 爀攀搀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开猀礀洀戀漀氀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀礀洀戀漀氀⠀猀⤀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ harp਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National anthem:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ∀䄀洀栀爀愀渀 渀愀 戀栀䘀椀愀渀渀∀ ⠀吀栀攀 匀漀氀搀椀攀爀✀猀 匀漀渀最⤀ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ

਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀樀眀瀀氀愀礀攀爀⸀樀猀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀ ਍ഀ
lyrics/music: Peadar KEARNEY [English], Liam O RINN [Irish]/Patrick HEENEY and Peadar KEARNEY਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 ㄀㤀㈀㘀㬀 椀渀猀琀攀愀搀 漀昀 ∀䄀洀栀爀愀渀 渀愀 戀栀䘀椀愀渀渀Ⰰ∀ 琀栀攀 猀漀渀最 ∀䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀✀猀 䌀愀氀氀∀ 椀猀 漀昀琀攀渀 甀猀攀搀 椀渀 愀琀栀氀攀琀椀挀 攀瘀攀渀琀猀 眀栀攀爀攀 挀椀琀椀稀攀渀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 愀渀搀 一漀爀琀栀攀爀渀 䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 挀漀洀瀀攀琀攀 愀猀 愀 甀渀椀昀椀攀搀 琀攀愀洀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀瀀㸀 ഀഀ
਍㰀倀㸀ഀഀ ਍一伀吀䔀㨀 吀栀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 漀渀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 椀猀 爀攀ⴀ瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀 䈀漀漀欀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䤀渀琀攀氀氀椀最攀渀挀攀 䄀最攀渀挀礀⸀ 一漀 挀氀愀椀洀猀 愀爀攀 洀愀搀攀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 愀挀挀甀爀愀挀礀 漀昀 䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 挀漀渀琀愀椀渀攀搀 栀攀爀攀⸀ 䄀氀氀 猀甀最最攀猀琀椀漀渀猀 昀漀爀 挀漀爀爀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 愀渀礀 攀爀爀漀爀猀 愀戀漀甀琀 䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 猀栀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀䤀䄀⸀ ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

਍ഀഀ
਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ ⴀ 倀氀攀愀猀攀 戀漀漀欀洀愀爀欀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 ⠀愀搀搀 椀琀 琀漀 礀漀甀爀 昀愀瘀漀爀椀琀攀猀⤀⸀ഀഀ
਍ ⴀ 䤀昀 礀漀甀 眀椀猀栀 琀漀 㰀戀㸀氀椀渀欀㰀⼀戀㸀 琀漀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀Ⰰ 礀漀甀 挀愀渀 搀漀 猀漀 戀礀 爀攀昀攀爀爀椀渀最 琀漀 琀栀攀 唀刀䰀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀 戀攀氀漀眀 琀栀椀猀 氀椀渀攀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ
਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ

਍吀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 眀愀猀 氀愀猀琀 洀漀搀椀昀椀攀搀  㜀ⴀ䴀愀爀ⴀ㄀㈀ 㰀戀爀㸀 ഀഀ Copyright © 1995-2012 ITA all rights reserved.਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㈀   瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀最栀琀开戀氀甀攀⸀最椀昀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀℀ⴀⴀ 匀椀琀攀匀攀愀爀挀栀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀഀ
਍ഀഀഀ
਍㰀⼀昀漀爀洀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
  • |Main INDEX|਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀㈀ ㄀㈀ 䤀一䐀䔀堀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Country Ranks਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䐀䔀䘀䤀一䤀吀䤀伀一匀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 䤀渀搀攀砀 ㈀ ㄀㈀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀挀甀爀爀攀渀琀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀爀攀氀愀渀搀 䴀愀椀渀 䤀渀搀攀砀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Introduction਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀漀爀欀洀愀氀氀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  ㄀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀⼀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开栀椀猀琀漀爀礀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Geography਍㰀氀椀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀洀愀瀀猀∀㸀䴀愀瀀猀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开瀀攀漀瀀氀攀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀倀攀漀瀀氀攀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀攀氀椀最椀漀渀∀㸀刀攀氀椀最椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Government
    ਍ഀഀ    Gov. Leaders਍㰀戀爀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀昀氀愀最猀∀㸀䘀氀愀最猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
    ਍ഀഀ
  • Economy਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开挀漀洀洀甀渀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀漀洀洀甀渀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Transportation਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀䈀㸀ഀഀ   Airport Codes਍㰀戀㸀ഀഀ
  • Military਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀爀攀氀愀渀搀开椀猀猀甀攀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀爀愀渀猀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䤀猀猀甀攀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Photos਍㰀⼀甀氀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
      . Feedback਍ഀഀ

      ਍ഀഀ
      ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀℀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ猀Ⰰ椀搀⤀笀瘀愀爀 樀猀Ⰰ昀樀猀㴀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀猀䈀礀吀愀最一愀洀攀⠀猀⤀嬀 崀㬀椀昀⠀℀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀笀樀猀㴀搀⸀挀爀攀愀琀攀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀⠀猀⤀㬀樀猀⸀椀搀㴀椀搀㬀樀猀⸀猀爀挀㴀∀⼀⼀瀀氀愀琀昀漀爀洀⸀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀椀搀最攀琀猀⸀樀猀∀㬀昀樀猀⸀瀀愀爀攀渀琀一漀搀攀⸀椀渀猀攀爀琀䈀攀昀漀爀攀⠀樀猀Ⰰ昀樀猀⤀㬀紀紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ∀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀Ⰰ∀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀ⴀ眀樀猀∀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ

      ਍㰀最㨀瀀氀甀猀漀渀攀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀洀攀搀椀甀洀∀ 愀渀渀漀琀愀琀椀漀渀㴀∀渀漀渀攀∀㸀㰀⼀最㨀瀀氀甀猀漀渀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
      ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀栀琀洀氀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ