਍㰀栀攀愀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀ഀഀ ਍㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀  䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀猀琀礀氀攀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀㸀ഀഀ A:link { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀瘀椀猀椀琀攀搀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀  挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀    㘀㘀㬀 紀ഀഀ A:active { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀栀漀瘀攀爀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀 挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀㤀㤀  ㌀㌀㬀 紀 ഀഀ a { text-decoration: none}਍㰀⼀猀琀礀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀⠀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ 猀Ⰰ 椀搀⤀ 笀ഀഀ var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];਍  椀昀 ⠀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀ 爀攀琀甀爀渀㬀ഀഀ js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;਍  樀猀⸀猀爀挀 㴀 ∀⼀⼀挀漀渀渀攀挀琀⸀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀⸀渀攀琀⼀攀渀开唀匀⼀愀氀氀⸀樀猀⌀砀昀戀洀氀㴀㄀☀愀瀀瀀䤀搀㴀㄀㠀㌀㘀 ㄀㐀㄀㔀 㠀㈀㄀㐀㘀∀㬀ഀഀ fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);਍紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ ✀猀挀爀椀瀀琀✀Ⰰ ✀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀ⴀ樀猀猀搀欀✀⤀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀  戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀搀爀甀最猀戀最爀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 挀漀氀猀瀀愀渀㴀∀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀㸀ഀഀ | COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS | ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㜀㈀㠀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀攀愀搀攀爀戀漀愀爀搀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "7548094546";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 㜀㈀㠀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 90;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ Luxembourg Government 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES਍㰀琀爀 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀 甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀㌀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀䌀䌀㤀㤀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

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਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀഀ




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਍㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀㔀 ∀㸀ഀഀ GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀  ∀㸀ഀഀ Spanish਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀稀栀ⴀ䌀一☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀挀栀椀渀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀匀椀洀瀀氀椀昀椀攀搀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ French਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀搀攀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀最攀爀洀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䜀攀爀洀愀渀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Russian਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀栀椀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀栀椀渀搀椀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䠀椀渀搀椀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Arabic਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀瀀琀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀瀀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀倀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀䠀刀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀愀爀最攀 刀攀挀琀愀渀最氀攀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "8137512903";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 ㌀㌀㘀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 280;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍倀愀最攀 氀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 漀渀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㈀㌀Ⰰഀഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Country name:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䜀爀愀渀搀 䐀甀挀栀礀 漀昀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䜀爀愀渀搀 䐀甀挀栀攀 搀攀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀开琀礀瀀攀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 琀礀瀀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ constitutional monarchy਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Capital:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最ഀ ਍ഀ
geographic coordinates: 49 36 N, 6 07 E਍ ഀ
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)਍ ഀ
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Administrative divisions:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㌀ 搀椀猀琀爀椀挀琀猀㬀 䐀椀攀欀椀爀挀栀Ⰰ 䜀爀攀瘀攀渀洀愀挀栀攀爀Ⰰ 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀∀㸀䤀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 1839 (from the Netherlands)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National holiday:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䐀愀礀 ⠀䈀椀爀琀栀搀愀礀 漀昀 䜀爀愀渀搀 䐀甀挀栀攀猀猀 䌀栀愀爀氀漀琀琀攀⤀ ㈀㌀ 䨀甀渀攀㬀 渀漀琀攀 ⴀ 琀栀攀 愀挀琀甀愀氀 搀愀琀攀 漀昀 戀椀爀琀栀 眀愀猀 ㈀㌀ 䨀愀渀甀愀爀礀 ㄀㠀㤀㘀Ⰰ 戀甀琀 琀栀攀 昀攀猀琀椀瘀椀琀椀攀猀 眀攀爀攀 猀栀椀昀琀攀搀 戀礀 昀椀瘀攀 洀漀渀琀栀猀 琀漀 愀氀氀漀眀 漀戀猀攀爀瘀愀渀挀攀 搀甀爀椀渀最 愀 洀漀爀攀 昀愀瘀漀爀愀戀氀攀 琀椀洀攀 漀昀 礀攀愀爀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀∀㸀䌀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 17 October 1868; occasional revisions਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legal system:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 挀椀瘀椀氀 氀愀眀 猀礀猀琀攀洀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀椀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开氀愀眀开漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀开瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀∀㸀䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀愀眀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction; accepts ICCt jurisdiction਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Suffrage:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㄀㠀 礀攀愀爀猀 漀昀 愀最攀㬀 甀渀椀瘀攀爀猀愀氀 愀渀搀 挀漀洀瀀甀氀猀漀爀礀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀഀ
[see also: Suffrage country ranks ]਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开挀栀椀攀昀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䔀砀攀挀甀琀椀瘀攀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㰀⼀愀㸀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of state: Grand Duke HENRI (since 7 October 2000); Heir Apparent Prince GUILLAUME (son of the monarch, born 11 November 1981)਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀栀攀愀搀 漀昀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 倀爀椀洀攀 䴀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀 䨀攀愀渀ⴀ䌀氀愀甀搀攀 䨀唀一䌀䬀䔀刀 ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 ㈀  䨀愀渀甀愀爀礀 ㄀㤀㤀㔀⤀㬀 䐀攀瀀甀琀礀 倀爀椀洀攀 䴀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀 䨀攀愀渀 䄀匀匀䔀䰀䈀伀刀一 ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 ㌀㄀ 䨀甀氀礀 ㈀  㐀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀愀戀椀渀攀琀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 漀昀 䴀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀猀 爀攀挀漀洀洀攀渀搀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀椀洀攀 洀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀 愀渀搀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 洀漀渀愀爀挀栀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 琀栀攀 洀漀渀愀爀挀栀礀 椀猀 栀攀爀攀搀椀琀愀爀礀㬀 昀漀氀氀漀眀椀渀最 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀栀愀洀戀攀爀 漀昀 䐀攀瀀甀琀椀攀猀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 氀攀愀搀攀爀 漀昀 琀栀攀 洀愀樀漀爀椀琀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 漀爀 琀栀攀 氀攀愀搀攀爀 漀昀 琀栀攀 洀愀樀漀爀椀琀礀 挀漀愀氀椀琀椀漀渀 甀猀甀愀氀氀礀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 瀀爀椀洀攀 洀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀 戀礀 琀栀攀 洀漀渀愀爀挀栀㬀 琀栀攀 搀攀瀀甀琀礀 瀀爀椀洀攀 洀椀渀椀猀琀攀爀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 洀漀渀愀爀挀栀㬀 琀栀攀礀 愀爀攀 爀攀猀瀀漀渀猀椀戀氀攀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀栀愀洀戀攀爀 漀昀 䐀攀瀀甀琀椀攀猀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: government coalition - CSV and LSAP਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legislative branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 甀渀椀挀愀洀攀爀愀氀 䌀栀愀洀戀攀爀 漀昀 䐀攀瀀甀琀椀攀猀 漀爀 䌀栀愀洀戀爀攀 搀攀猀 䐀攀瀀甀琀攀猀 ⠀㘀  猀攀愀琀猀㬀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 瘀漀琀攀 琀漀 猀攀爀瘀攀 昀椀瘀攀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀猀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 氀愀猀琀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 㜀 䨀甀渀攀 ㈀  㤀 ⠀渀攀砀琀 琀漀 戀攀 栀攀氀搀 戀礀 䨀甀渀攀 ㈀ ㄀㐀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 䌀匀嘀 ㌀㠀─Ⰰ 䰀匀䄀倀 ㈀㄀⸀㘀─Ⰰ 䐀倀 ㄀㔀─Ⰰ 䜀爀攀攀渀 倀愀爀琀礀 ㄀㄀⸀㜀─Ⰰ 䄀䐀刀 㠀⸀㄀─Ⰰ 吀栀攀 䰀攀昀琀 ㌀⸀㌀─Ⰰ 漀琀栀攀爀 ㈀⸀㌀─㬀 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 䌀匀嘀 ㈀㘀Ⰰ 䰀匀䄀倀 ㄀㌀Ⰰ 䐀倀 㤀Ⰰ 䜀爀攀攀渀 倀愀爀琀礀 㜀Ⰰ 䄀䐀刀 㐀Ⰰ 吀栀攀 䰀攀昀琀 ㄀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: there is also a Council of State that serves as an advisory body to the Chamber of Deputies; the Council of State has 21 members appointed by the Grand Duke on the advice of the prime minister਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Judicial branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䌀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䌀漀甀爀琀㬀 樀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 挀漀甀爀琀猀 愀渀搀 琀爀椀戀甀渀愀氀猀 ⠀匀甀瀀攀爀椀漀爀 䌀漀甀爀琀 漀昀 䨀甀猀琀椀挀攀 椀渀挀氀甀搀攀猀 䌀漀甀爀琀 漀昀 䄀瀀瀀攀愀氀 愀渀搀 䌀漀甀爀琀 漀昀 䌀愀猀猀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ ㈀ 搀椀猀琀爀椀挀琀 琀爀椀戀甀渀愀氀猀Ⰰ ㌀ 氀攀猀猀攀爀 琀爀椀戀甀渀愀氀猀⤀㬀 愀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 挀漀甀爀琀猀 愀渀搀 琀爀椀戀甀渀愀氀猀 ⠀匀琀愀琀攀 倀爀漀猀攀挀甀琀漀爀✀猀 伀昀昀椀挀攀Ⰰ 䄀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 吀爀椀戀甀渀愀氀 愀渀搀 䄀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 䌀漀甀爀琀⤀㬀 樀甀搀最攀猀 昀漀爀 愀氀氀 挀漀甀爀琀猀 愀爀攀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 昀漀爀 氀椀昀攀 戀礀 琀栀攀 洀漀渀愀爀挀栀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀开瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀开愀渀搀开氀攀愀搀攀爀猀∀㸀倀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀 愀渀搀 氀攀愀搀攀爀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Alternative Democratic Reform Party or ADR [Gast GIBERYEN]; Christian Social People's Party or CSV [Marc SPAUTZ]; dei Lenk/la Gauche (the Left); Democratic Party or DP [Claude MEISCH]; Green Party [Francois BAUSCH]; Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party or LSAP [Lucien LUX]; other minor parties਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Political pressure groups and leaders:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䄀䈀䈀䰀 ⠀戀愀渀欀攀爀猀✀ 愀猀猀漀挀椀愀琀椀漀渀⤀㬀 䄀䰀䔀䈀䄀 ⠀昀椀渀愀渀挀椀愀氀 猀攀挀琀漀爀 琀爀愀搀攀 甀渀椀漀渀⤀㬀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀攀 倀愀礀猀愀渀渀攀 ⠀昀攀搀攀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 愀最爀椀挀甀氀琀甀爀愀氀 瀀爀漀搀甀挀攀爀猀⤀㬀 䌀䔀倀 ⠀瀀爀漀昀攀猀猀椀漀渀愀氀 猀攀挀琀漀爀 挀栀愀洀戀攀爀⤀㬀 䌀䜀䘀倀 ⠀琀爀愀搀攀 甀渀椀漀渀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀椀渀最 挀椀瘀椀氀 猀攀爀瘀椀挀攀⤀㬀 䌀栀愀洀戀爀攀 搀攀 䌀漀洀洀攀爀挀攀 ⠀䌀栀愀洀戀攀爀 漀昀 䌀漀洀洀攀爀挀攀⤀㬀 䌀栀愀洀戀爀攀 搀攀猀 䴀攀琀椀攀爀猀 ⠀䌀栀愀洀戀攀爀 漀昀 䄀爀琀椀猀愀渀猀⤀㬀 䘀䔀䐀䤀䰀 ⠀昀攀搀攀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 椀渀搀甀猀琀爀椀愀氀椀猀琀猀⤀㬀 䜀爀攀攀渀瀀攀愀挀攀 ⠀攀渀瘀椀爀漀渀洀攀渀琀 瀀爀漀琀攀挀琀椀漀渀⤀㬀 䰀䌀䜀倀 ⠀挀攀渀琀攀爀ⴀ爀椀最栀琀 琀爀愀搀攀 甀渀椀漀渀⤀㬀 䴀漀甀瘀攀洀攀渀琀 䔀挀漀氀漀最椀焀甀攀 ⠀瀀爀漀琀攀挀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 攀挀漀氀漀最礀⤀㬀 伀䜀䈀䰀 ⠀挀攀渀琀攀爀ⴀ氀攀昀琀 琀爀愀搀攀 甀渀椀漀渀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀愀戀戀爀攀瘀椀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ADB (nonregional member), Australia Group, Benelux, BIS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECB, EIB, EMU, ESA, EU, FAO, FATF, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD, OIF, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, Schengen Convention, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIFIL, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Diplomatic representation in the US:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 䨀攀愀渀ⴀ倀愀甀氀 匀䔀一一䤀一䜀䔀刀ഀ ਍ഀ
chancery: 2200 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008਍ ഀ
telephone: [1] (202) 265-4171 through 72਍ ഀ
FAX: [1] (202) 328-8270਍ ഀ
consulate(s) general: New York, San Francisco਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Diplomatic representation from the US:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 刀漀戀攀爀琀 䴀䄀一䐀䔀䰀䰀ഀ ਍ഀ
embassy: 22 Boulevard Emmanuel Servais, L-2535 Luxembourg City਍ ഀ
mailing address: American Embassy Luxembourg, Unit 1410, APO AE 09126-1410 (official mail); American Embassy Luxembourg, PSC 9, Box 9500, APO AE 09123 (personal mail)਍ ഀ
telephone: [352] 46 01 23਍ ഀ
FAX: [352] 46 14 01਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Flag description:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 琀栀爀攀攀 攀焀甀愀氀 栀漀爀椀稀漀渀琀愀氀 戀愀渀搀猀 漀昀 爀攀搀 ⠀琀漀瀀⤀Ⰰ 眀栀椀琀攀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 氀椀最栀琀 戀氀甀攀㬀 猀椀洀椀氀愀爀 琀漀 琀栀攀 昀氀愀最 漀昀 琀栀攀 一攀琀栀攀爀氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 甀猀攀猀 愀 搀愀爀欀攀爀 戀氀甀攀 愀渀搀 椀猀 猀栀漀爀琀攀爀㬀 琀栀攀 挀漀氀漀爀椀渀最 椀猀 搀攀爀椀瘀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 䜀爀愀渀搀 䐀甀欀攀✀猀 挀漀愀琀 漀昀 愀爀洀猀 ⠀愀 爀攀搀 氀椀漀渀 漀渀 愀 眀栀椀琀攀 愀渀搀 戀氀甀攀 猀琀爀椀瀀攀搀 昀椀攀氀搀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开猀礀洀戀漀氀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀礀洀戀漀氀⠀猀⤀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ lion਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National anthem:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ∀伀渀猀 䠀攀攀洀攀挀栀琀∀ ⠀伀甀爀 䴀漀琀栀攀爀氀愀渀搀⤀㬀 ∀䐀攀 圀椀氀栀攀氀洀甀猀∀ ⠀吀栀攀 圀椀氀氀椀愀洀⤀ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ

਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀樀眀瀀氀愀礀攀爀⸀樀猀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀ ਍ഀ
lyrics/music: Michel LENTZ/Jean-Antoine ZINNEN; Nikolaus WELTER/unknown਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 ∀伀渀猀 䠀攀攀洀攀挀栀琀Ⰰ∀ 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 ㄀㠀㘀㐀Ⰰ 椀猀 琀栀攀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀渀琀栀攀洀Ⰰ 眀栀椀氀攀 ∀䐀攀 圀椀氀栀攀氀洀甀猀Ⰰ∀ 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 ㄀㤀㄀㤀Ⰰ 猀攀爀瘀攀猀 愀猀 愀 爀漀礀愀氀 愀渀琀栀攀洀 昀漀爀 甀猀攀 眀栀攀渀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 最爀愀渀搀 搀甀挀愀氀 昀愀洀椀氀礀 攀渀琀攀爀 漀爀 攀砀椀琀 愀 挀攀爀攀洀漀渀礀 椀渀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀瀀㸀 ഀഀ
਍㰀倀㸀ഀഀ ਍一伀吀䔀㨀 吀栀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 漀渀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 椀猀 爀攀ⴀ瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀 䈀漀漀欀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䤀渀琀攀氀氀椀最攀渀挀攀 䄀最攀渀挀礀⸀ 一漀 挀氀愀椀洀猀 愀爀攀 洀愀搀攀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 愀挀挀甀爀愀挀礀 漀昀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 挀漀渀琀愀椀渀攀搀 栀攀爀攀⸀ 䄀氀氀 猀甀最最攀猀琀椀漀渀猀 昀漀爀 挀漀爀爀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 愀渀礀 攀爀爀漀爀猀 愀戀漀甀琀 䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 猀栀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀䤀䄀⸀ ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

਍ഀഀ
਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ ⴀ 倀氀攀愀猀攀 戀漀漀欀洀愀爀欀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 ⠀愀搀搀 椀琀 琀漀 礀漀甀爀 昀愀瘀漀爀椀琀攀猀⤀⸀ഀഀ
਍ ⴀ 䤀昀 礀漀甀 眀椀猀栀 琀漀 㰀戀㸀氀椀渀欀㰀⼀戀㸀 琀漀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀Ⰰ 礀漀甀 挀愀渀 搀漀 猀漀 戀礀 爀攀昀攀爀爀椀渀最 琀漀 琀栀攀 唀刀䰀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀 戀攀氀漀眀 琀栀椀猀 氀椀渀攀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ
਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ

਍吀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 眀愀猀 氀愀猀琀 洀漀搀椀昀椀攀搀  㜀ⴀ䴀愀爀ⴀ㄀㈀ 㰀戀爀㸀 ഀഀ Copyright © 1995-2012 ITA all rights reserved.਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㈀   瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀最栀琀开戀氀甀攀⸀最椀昀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀℀ⴀⴀ 匀椀琀攀匀攀愀爀挀栀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀഀ
਍ഀഀഀ
਍㰀⼀昀漀爀洀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
  • |Main INDEX|਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀㈀ ㄀㈀ 䤀一䐀䔀堀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Country Ranks਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䐀䔀䘀䤀一䤀吀䤀伀一匀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 䤀渀搀攀砀 ㈀ ㄀㈀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀挀甀爀爀攀渀琀⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䰀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最 䴀愀椀渀 䤀渀搀攀砀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Introduction਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀漀爀欀洀愀氀氀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  ㄀⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最⼀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开栀椀猀琀漀爀礀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Geography਍㰀氀椀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀洀愀瀀猀∀㸀䴀愀瀀猀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开瀀攀漀瀀氀攀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀倀攀漀瀀氀攀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀攀氀椀最椀漀渀∀㸀刀攀氀椀最椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Government
    ਍ഀഀ    Gov. Leaders਍㰀戀爀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀昀氀愀最猀∀㸀䘀氀愀最猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
    ਍ഀഀ
  • Economy਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开挀漀洀洀甀渀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀漀洀洀甀渀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Transportation਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀䈀㸀ഀഀ   Airport Codes਍㰀戀㸀ഀഀ
  • Military਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀氀甀砀攀洀戀漀甀爀最开椀猀猀甀攀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀爀愀渀猀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䤀猀猀甀攀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Photos਍㰀⼀甀氀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
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      ਍ഀഀ
      ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀℀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ猀Ⰰ椀搀⤀笀瘀愀爀 樀猀Ⰰ昀樀猀㴀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀猀䈀礀吀愀最一愀洀攀⠀猀⤀嬀 崀㬀椀昀⠀℀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀笀樀猀㴀搀⸀挀爀攀愀琀攀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀⠀猀⤀㬀樀猀⸀椀搀㴀椀搀㬀樀猀⸀猀爀挀㴀∀⼀⼀瀀氀愀琀昀漀爀洀⸀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀椀搀最攀琀猀⸀樀猀∀㬀昀樀猀⸀瀀愀爀攀渀琀一漀搀攀⸀椀渀猀攀爀琀䈀攀昀漀爀攀⠀樀猀Ⰰ昀樀猀⤀㬀紀紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ∀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀Ⰰ∀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀ⴀ眀樀猀∀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ

      ਍㰀最㨀瀀氀甀猀漀渀攀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀洀攀搀椀甀洀∀ 愀渀渀漀琀愀琀椀漀渀㴀∀渀漀渀攀∀㸀㰀⼀最㨀瀀氀甀猀漀渀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
      ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀栀琀洀氀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ