਍㰀栀攀愀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍一攀眀 娀攀愀氀愀渀搀 䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀ഀഀ ਍㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀  䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀一攀眀 娀攀愀氀愀渀搀 䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀猀琀礀氀攀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀㸀ഀഀ A:link { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀瘀椀猀椀琀攀搀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀  挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀    㘀㘀㬀 紀ഀഀ A:active { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀栀漀瘀攀爀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀 挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀㤀㤀  ㌀㌀㬀 紀 ഀഀ a { text-decoration: none}਍㰀⼀猀琀礀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀⠀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ 猀Ⰰ 椀搀⤀ 笀ഀഀ var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];਍  椀昀 ⠀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀ 爀攀琀甀爀渀㬀ഀഀ js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;਍  樀猀⸀猀爀挀 㴀 ∀⼀⼀挀漀渀渀攀挀琀⸀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀⸀渀攀琀⼀攀渀开唀匀⼀愀氀氀⸀樀猀⌀砀昀戀洀氀㴀㄀☀愀瀀瀀䤀搀㴀㄀㠀㌀㘀 ㄀㐀㄀㔀 㠀㈀㄀㐀㘀∀㬀ഀഀ fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);਍紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ ✀猀挀爀椀瀀琀✀Ⰰ ✀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀ⴀ樀猀猀搀欀✀⤀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀  戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀搀爀甀最猀戀最爀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 挀漀氀猀瀀愀渀㴀∀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀㸀ഀഀ | COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS | ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㜀㈀㠀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀攀愀搀攀爀戀漀愀爀搀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "7548094546";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 㜀㈀㠀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 90;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ New Zealand Geography 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀开最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES਍㰀琀爀 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀 甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀㌀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀䌀䌀㤀㤀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

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਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀഀ




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਍㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀㔀 ∀㸀ഀഀ GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀  ∀㸀ഀഀ Spanish਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀开最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀稀栀ⴀ䌀一☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀挀栀椀渀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀匀椀洀瀀氀椀昀椀攀搀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ French਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀开最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀搀攀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀最攀爀洀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䜀攀爀洀愀渀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Russian਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀开最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀栀椀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀栀椀渀搀椀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䠀椀渀搀椀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Arabic਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀开最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀瀀琀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀瀀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀倀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀䠀刀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀愀爀最攀 刀攀挀琀愀渀最氀攀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "8137512903";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 ㌀㌀㘀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 280;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍倀愀最攀 氀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 漀渀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㈀㌀Ⰰഀഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Location:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 伀挀攀愀渀椀愀Ⰰ 椀猀氀愀渀搀猀 椀渀 琀栀攀 匀漀甀琀栀 倀愀挀椀昀椀挀 伀挀攀愀渀Ⰰ 猀漀甀琀栀攀愀猀琀 漀昀 䄀甀猀琀爀愀氀椀愀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀开挀漀漀爀搀椀渀愀琀攀猀∀㸀䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀椀挀 挀漀漀爀搀椀渀愀琀攀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 41 00 S, 174 00 E਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Map references: ਍㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Oceania਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Area:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀琀漀琀愀氀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ㈀㘀㜀Ⰰ㜀㄀  猀焀 欀洀ഀ ਍ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀琀漀琀愀氀开愀爀攀愀开猀焀开欀洀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䄀爀攀愀 ⴀ 琀漀琀愀氀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ
country comparison to the world: 76 ਍ ഀ
land: 267,710 sq km਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀氀愀渀搀开愀爀攀愀开猀焀开欀洀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䄀爀攀愀 ⴀ 氀愀渀搀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ
water: NA਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀眀愀琀攀爀开愀爀攀愀开猀焀开欀洀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䄀爀攀愀 ⴀ 眀愀琀攀爀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 椀渀挀氀甀搀攀猀 䄀渀琀椀瀀漀搀攀猀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰ 䄀甀挀欀氀愀渀搀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰ 䈀漀甀渀琀礀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰ 䌀愀洀瀀戀攀氀氀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀Ⰰ 䌀栀愀琀栀愀洀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 䬀攀爀洀愀搀攀挀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀猀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀愀爀攀愀开挀漀洀瀀愀爀愀琀椀瘀攀∀㸀䄀爀攀愀 ⴀ 挀漀洀瀀愀爀愀琀椀瘀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ about the size of Colorado਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Land boundaries:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍   欀洀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀഀ
[see also: Land boundaries country ranks ]਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀挀漀愀猀琀氀椀渀攀∀㸀䌀漀愀猀琀氀椀渀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 15,134 km਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀挀漀愀猀琀氀椀渀攀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䌀漀愀猀琀氀椀渀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ ਍ഀ

Maritime claims:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀琀攀爀爀椀琀漀爀椀愀氀 猀攀愀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ㄀㈀ 渀洀ഀ ਍ഀ
contiguous zone: 24 nm਍ ഀ
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm਍ ഀ
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Climate:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 琀攀洀瀀攀爀愀琀攀 眀椀琀栀 猀栀愀爀瀀 爀攀最椀漀渀愀氀 挀漀渀琀爀愀猀琀猀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀഀ

Terrain:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 瀀爀攀搀漀洀椀渀愀琀攀氀礀 洀漀甀渀琀愀椀渀漀甀猀 眀椀琀栀 猀漀洀攀 氀愀爀最攀 挀漀愀猀琀愀氀 瀀氀愀椀渀猀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀攀氀攀瘀愀琀椀漀渀开攀砀琀爀攀洀攀猀∀㸀䔀氀攀瘀愀琀椀漀渀 攀砀琀爀攀洀攀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m਍ഀ ਍ ഀഀ
[see also: Elevation extremes - lowest point country ranks ]਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀栀椀最栀攀猀琀 瀀漀椀渀琀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀漀爀愀欀椀ⴀ䴀漀甀渀琀 䌀漀漀欀 ㌀Ⰰ㜀㔀㐀 洀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀഀ
[see also: Elevation extremes - highest point country ranks ]਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀甀爀愀氀开爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀∀㸀一愀琀甀爀愀氀 爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Land use:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀愀爀愀戀氀攀 氀愀渀搀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 㔀⸀㔀㐀─ഀ ਍ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀氀愀渀搀开甀猀攀开愀爀愀戀氀攀开氀愀渀搀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䰀愀渀搀 甀猀攀 ⴀ 愀爀愀戀氀攀 氀愀渀搀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ
permanent crops: 6.92%਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀氀愀渀搀开甀猀攀开瀀攀爀洀愀渀攀渀琀开挀爀漀瀀猀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䰀愀渀搀 甀猀攀 ⴀ 瀀攀爀洀愀渀攀渀琀 挀爀漀瀀猀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ
other: 87.54% (2005)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀氀愀渀搀开甀猀攀开漀琀栀攀爀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䰀愀渀搀 甀猀攀 ⴀ 漀琀栀攀爀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ ਍ഀ

Irrigated land:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㘀Ⰰ㄀㤀  猀焀 欀洀 ⠀㈀  㠀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀഀ
[see also: Irrigated land country ranks ]਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀琀漀琀愀氀开爀攀渀攀眀愀戀氀攀开眀愀琀攀爀开爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀∀㸀吀漀琀愀氀 爀攀渀攀眀愀戀氀攀 眀愀琀攀爀 爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 397 cu km (1995)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀琀漀琀愀氀开爀攀渀攀眀愀戀氀攀开眀愀琀攀爀开爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀吀漀琀愀氀 爀攀渀攀眀愀戀氀攀 眀愀琀攀爀 爀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ ਍ഀ

Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀琀漀琀愀氀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ㈀⸀㄀㄀ 挀甀 欀洀⼀礀爀 ⠀㐀㠀─⼀㤀─⼀㐀㈀─⤀ഀ ਍ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀昀爀攀猀栀眀愀琀攀爀开眀椀琀栀搀爀愀眀愀氀开搀漀洀攀猀琀椀挀开椀渀搀甀猀琀爀椀愀氀开愀最爀椀挀甀氀琀甀爀愀氀开琀漀琀愀氀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䘀爀攀猀栀眀愀琀攀爀 眀椀琀栀搀爀愀眀愀氀 ⠀搀漀洀攀猀琀椀挀⼀椀渀搀甀猀琀爀椀愀氀⼀愀最爀椀挀甀氀琀甀爀愀氀⤀ ⴀ 琀漀琀愀氀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ
per capita: 524 cu m/yr (2000)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⼀昀爀攀猀栀眀愀琀攀爀开眀椀琀栀搀爀愀眀愀氀开搀漀洀攀猀琀椀挀开椀渀搀甀猀琀爀椀愀氀开愀最爀椀挀甀氀琀甀爀愀氀开瀀攀爀开挀愀瀀椀琀愀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀䘀爀攀猀栀眀愀琀攀爀 眀椀琀栀搀爀愀眀愀氀 ⠀搀漀洀攀猀琀椀挀⼀椀渀搀甀猀琀爀椀愀氀⼀愀最爀椀挀甀氀琀甀爀愀氀⤀ ⴀ 瀀攀爀 挀愀瀀椀琀愀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ ਍ഀ

Natural hazards:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 攀愀爀琀栀焀甀愀欀攀猀 愀爀攀 挀漀洀洀漀渀Ⰰ 琀栀漀甀最栀 甀猀甀愀氀氀礀 渀漀琀 猀攀瘀攀爀攀㬀 瘀漀氀挀愀渀椀挀 愀挀琀椀瘀椀琀礀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀瘀漀氀挀愀渀椀猀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 一攀眀 娀攀愀氀愀渀搀 攀砀瀀攀爀椀攀渀挀攀猀 猀椀最渀椀昀椀挀愀渀琀 瘀漀氀挀愀渀椀猀洀 漀渀 一漀爀琀栀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀㬀 刀甀愀瀀攀栀甀 ⠀攀氀攀瘀⸀ ㈀Ⰰ㜀㤀㜀 洀⤀Ⰰ 眀栀椀挀栀 氀愀猀琀 攀爀甀瀀琀攀搀 椀渀 ㈀  㜀Ⰰ 栀愀猀 愀 栀椀猀琀漀爀礀 漀昀 氀愀爀最攀 攀爀甀瀀琀椀漀渀猀 椀渀 琀栀攀 瀀愀猀琀 挀攀渀琀甀爀礀㬀 吀愀爀愀渀愀欀椀 栀愀猀 琀栀攀 瀀漀琀攀渀琀椀愀氀 琀漀 瀀爀漀搀甀挀攀 搀愀渀最攀爀漀甀猀 愀瘀愀氀愀渀挀栀攀猀 愀渀搀 氀愀栀愀爀猀㬀 漀琀栀攀爀 栀椀猀琀漀爀椀挀愀氀氀礀 愀挀琀椀瘀攀 瘀漀氀挀愀渀漀攀猀 椀渀挀氀甀搀攀 伀欀愀琀愀椀渀愀Ⰰ 刀愀漀甀氀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀Ⰰ 吀漀渀最愀爀椀爀漀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 圀栀椀琀攀 䤀猀氀愀渀搀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀攀渀瘀椀爀漀渀洀攀渀琀开挀甀爀爀攀渀琀开椀猀猀甀攀猀∀㸀䔀渀瘀椀爀漀渀洀攀渀琀 ⴀ 挀甀爀爀攀渀琀 椀猀猀甀攀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by invasive species਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Environment - international agreements:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀瀀愀爀琀礀 琀漀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀渀琀愀爀挀琀椀挀ⴀ䔀渀瘀椀爀漀渀洀攀渀琀愀氀 倀爀漀琀漀挀漀氀Ⰰ 䄀渀琀愀爀挀琀椀挀ⴀ䴀愀爀椀渀攀 䰀椀瘀椀渀最 刀攀猀漀甀爀挀攀猀Ⰰ 䄀渀琀愀爀挀琀椀挀 吀爀攀愀琀礀Ⰰ 䈀椀漀搀椀瘀攀爀猀椀琀礀Ⰰ 䌀氀椀洀愀琀攀 䌀栀愀渀最攀Ⰰ 䌀氀椀洀愀琀攀 䌀栀愀渀最攀ⴀ䬀礀漀琀漀 倀爀漀琀漀挀漀氀Ⰰ 䐀攀猀攀爀琀椀昀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 䔀渀搀愀渀最攀爀攀搀 匀瀀攀挀椀攀猀Ⰰ 䔀渀瘀椀爀漀渀洀攀渀琀愀氀 䴀漀搀椀昀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 䠀愀稀愀爀搀漀甀猀 圀愀猀琀攀猀Ⰰ 䰀愀眀 漀昀 琀栀攀 匀攀愀Ⰰ 䴀愀爀椀渀攀 䐀甀洀瀀椀渀最Ⰰ 伀稀漀渀攀 䰀愀礀攀爀 倀爀漀琀攀挀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 匀栀椀瀀 倀漀氀氀甀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 吀爀漀瀀椀挀愀氀 吀椀洀戀攀爀 㠀㌀Ⰰ 吀爀漀瀀椀挀愀氀 吀椀洀戀攀爀 㤀㐀Ⰰ 圀攀琀氀愀渀搀猀Ⰰ 圀栀愀氀椀渀最ഀ ਍ഀ
signed, but not ratified: Antarctic Seals, Marine Life Conservation਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Geography - note:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 愀氀洀漀猀琀 㤀 ─ 漀昀 琀栀攀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀琀椀漀渀 氀椀瘀攀猀 椀渀 挀椀琀椀攀猀㬀 圀攀氀氀椀渀最琀漀渀 椀猀 琀栀攀 猀漀甀琀栀攀爀渀洀漀猀琀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 挀愀瀀椀琀愀氀 椀渀 琀栀攀 眀漀爀氀搀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀瀀㸀 ഀഀ
਍㰀倀㸀ഀഀ ਍一伀吀䔀㨀 吀栀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 一攀眀 娀攀愀氀愀渀搀 漀渀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 椀猀 爀攀ⴀ瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀 䈀漀漀欀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䤀渀琀攀氀氀椀最攀渀挀攀 䄀最攀渀挀礀⸀ 一漀 挀氀愀椀洀猀 愀爀攀 洀愀搀攀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 愀挀挀甀爀愀挀礀 漀昀 一攀眀 娀攀愀氀愀渀搀 䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 挀漀渀琀愀椀渀攀搀 栀攀爀攀⸀ 䄀氀氀 猀甀最最攀猀琀椀漀渀猀 昀漀爀 挀漀爀爀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 愀渀礀 攀爀爀漀爀猀 愀戀漀甀琀 一攀眀 娀攀愀氀愀渀搀 䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 猀栀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀䤀䄀⸀ ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

਍ഀഀ
਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ ⴀ 倀氀攀愀猀攀 戀漀漀欀洀愀爀欀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 ⠀愀搀搀 椀琀 琀漀 礀漀甀爀 昀愀瘀漀爀椀琀攀猀⤀⸀ഀഀ
਍ ⴀ 䤀昀 礀漀甀 眀椀猀栀 琀漀 㰀戀㸀氀椀渀欀㰀⼀戀㸀 琀漀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀Ⰰ 礀漀甀 挀愀渀 搀漀 猀漀 戀礀 爀攀昀攀爀爀椀渀最 琀漀 琀栀攀 唀刀䰀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀 戀攀氀漀眀 琀栀椀猀 氀椀渀攀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ
਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀⼀渀攀眀开稀攀愀氀愀渀搀开最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ

਍吀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 眀愀猀 氀愀猀琀 洀漀搀椀昀椀攀搀  㜀ⴀ䴀愀爀ⴀ㄀㈀ 㰀戀爀㸀 ഀഀ Copyright © 1995-2012 ITA all rights reserved.਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㈀   瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀最栀琀开戀氀甀攀⸀最椀昀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀℀ⴀⴀ 匀椀琀攀匀攀愀爀挀栀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀഀ
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