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Nigeria People 2012

SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES











Nigeria People 2012
SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES


Page last updated on February 23,

Nationality:
noun: Nigerian(s)
adjective: Nigerian

Ethnic groups:
Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%

Languages:
English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages

Religions:
Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%

Population:
170,123,740 (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 7
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
[see also: Population country ranks ]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 40.9% (male 32,476,681/female 31,064,539)
[see also: Age structure 0-14 years country ranks ]
15-64 years: 55.9% (male 44,296,228/female 42,534,542)
[see also: Age structure 15-64 years country ranks ]
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 2,341,228/female 2,502,355) (2011 est.)
[see also: Age structure 65 years and over country ranks ]

Median age:
total: 19.2 years
[see also: Median age - total country ranks ]
male: 19.2 years
[see also: Median age - male country ranks ]
female: 19.3 years (2011 est.)
[see also: Median age - female country ranks ]

Population growth rate:
2.553% (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 27
[see also: Population growth rate country ranks ]

Birth rate:
39.23 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 14
[see also: Birth rate country ranks ]

Death rate:
13.48 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 18
[see also: Death rate country ranks ]

Net migration rate:
-0.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 123
[see also: Net migration rate country ranks ]

Urbanization:
urban population: 50% of total population (2010)
[see also: Urbanization - urban population country ranks ]
rate of urbanization: 3.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
[see also: Urbanization - rate of urbanization country ranks ]

Major cities - population:
Lagos 10.203 million; Kano 3.304 million; Ibadan 2.762 million; ABUJA (capital) 1.857 million; Kaduna 1.519 million (2009)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - at birth country ranks ]
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - under 15 years country ranks ]
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
[see also: Sex ratio - 65 years and over country ranks ]
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2012 est.)
[see also: Sex ratio - total population country ranks ]

Maternal mortality rate:
840 deaths/100,000 live births (2008)
country comparison to the world: 9
[see also: Maternal mortality rate country ranks ]

Infant mortality rate:
total: 74.36 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 16
male: 79.44 deaths/1,000 live births
[see also: Infant mortality rate - male country ranks ]
female: 68.97 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
[see also: Infant mortality rate - female country ranks ]

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 52.05 years
country comparison to the world: 211
male: 48.95 years
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - male country ranks ]
female: 55.33 years (2012 est.)
[see also: Life expectancy at birth - female country ranks ]

Total fertility rate:
5.38 children born/woman (2012 est.)
country comparison to the world: 13
[see also: Total fertility rate country ranks ]

Health expenditures:
5.8% of GDP (2009)
country comparison to the world: 117
[see also: Health expenditures country ranks ]

Physicians density:
0.395 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
country comparison to the world: 131
[see also: Physicians density country ranks ]

Hospital bed density:
0.53 beds/1,000 population (2004)
country comparison to the world: 168
[see also: Hospital bed density country ranks ]

Drinking water source:
improved:

urban: 75% of population
rural: 42% of population
total: 58% of population
unimproved:
urban: 25% of population
rural: 58% of population
total: 42% of population (2008)

Sanitation facility access:
improved:

urban: 36% of population
rural: 28% of population
total: 32% of population
unimproved:
urban: 67% of population
rural: 72% of population
total: 68% of population (2008)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
3.6% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 17
[see also: HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
3.3 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS country ranks ]

HIV/AIDS - deaths:
220,000 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 2
[see also: HIV/AIDS - deaths country ranks ]

Major infectious diseases:
degree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: one of the most highly endemic areas for Lassa fever
water contact disease: leptospirosis and shistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight:
26.7% (2008)
country comparison to the world: 24
[see also: Children under the age of 5 years underweight country ranks ]

Education expenditures:
NA

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 68%
male: 75.7%
[see also: Literacy - male country ranks ]
female: 60.6% (2003 est.)
[see also: Literacy - female country ranks ]

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):
total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2005)


NOTE: 1) The information regarding Nigeria on this page is re-published from the 2012 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nigeria People 2012 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nigeria People 2012 should be addressed to the CIA.
2) The rank that you see is the CIA reported rank, which may habe the following issues:
  a) They assign increasing rank number, alphabetically for countries with the same value of the ranked item, whereas we assign them the same rank.
  b) The CIA sometimes assignes counterintuitive ranks. For example, it assigns unemployment rates in increasing order, whereas we rank them in decreasing order






This page was last modified 07-Mar-12
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