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    Cameroon Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/cameroon/cameroon_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Because of its oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Still, it faces many of the serious problems facing other underdeveloped countries, such as a top-heavy civil service and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise. Since 1990, the government has embarked on various IMF and World Bank programs designed to spur business investment, increase efficiency in agriculture, improve trade, and recapitalize the nation's banks. In June 2000, the government completed an IMF-sponsored, three-year structural adjustment program; however, the IMF is pressing for more reforms, including increased budget transparency, privatization, and poverty reduction programs. International oil and cocoa prices have considerable impact on the economy.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $27.59 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      3.6% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $1,800 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 46%
      industry: 21%
      services: 33% (2001 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      48% (2000 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 1.9%
      highest 10%: 36.6% (1996)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      47.7 (1996)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      4.5% (2002 est.)

      Labor force:
      NA (2000)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 70%, industry and commerce 13%, other 17%

      Unemployment rate:
      30% (2001 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $2.2 billion
      expenditures: $2.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY00/01 est.)

      Industries:
      petroleum production and refining, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber

      Industrial production growth rate:
      4.2% (1999 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      3.613 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 2.7%
      hydro: 97.3%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      3.36 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      76,650 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      22,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      200 million bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - production:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - consumption:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - exports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - imports:
      0 cu m (2001 est.)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      55.22 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock; timber

      Exports:
      $1.873 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton

      Exports - partners:
      Italy 17.4%, Spain 16.8%, France 13.4%, US 8.7%, Netherlands 8.6%, China 5.4%, UK 4.7%, Germany 4.1% (2002)

      Imports:
      $1.959 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food

      Imports - partners:
      France 28%, Nigeria 12.7%, US 7.9%, Belgium 5.7%, Germany 4.8%, Italy 4.3% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $8.6 billion (2002 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      on 23 January 2001, the Paris Club agreed to reduce Cameroon's debt of $1.3 billion by $900 million; debt relief now totals $1.26 billion

      Currency:
      Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States

      Currency code:
      XAF

      Exchange rates:
      Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XAF) per US dollar - 581.2 (2003), 696.99 (2002), 733.04 (2001), 711.98 (2000), 615.7 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      1 July - 30 June


      NOTE: The information regarding Cameroon on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cameroon Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cameroon Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/cameroon/cameroon_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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