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    Cameroon Geography - 2004

      Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

      Geographic coordinates:
      6 00 N, 12 00 E

      Map references:

      total: 475,440 sq km
      water: 6,000 sq km
      land: 469,440 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,591 km
      border countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km

      402 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 50 NM

      varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

      diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Fako (on Mount Cameroon) 4,095 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 12.81%
      permanent crops: 2.58%
      other: 84.61% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      330 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes

      Environment - current issues:
      water-borne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa; throughout the country there are areas of thermal springs and indications of current or prior volcanic activity; Mount Cameroon, the highest mountain in Sub-Saharan west Africa, is an active volcano

      NOTE: The information regarding Cameroon on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cameroon Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cameroon Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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