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    Ecuador Geography - 2004

      Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru

      Geographic coordinates:
      2 00 S, 77 30 W

      Map references:
      South America

      total: 283,560 sq km
      note: includes Galapagos Islands
      water: 6,720 sq km
      land: 276,840 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Nevada

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,010 km
      border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km

      2,237 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 100 NM from 2,500 meter isobath

      tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands

      coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente)

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chimborazo 6,267 m

      Natural resources:
      petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 5.69%
      permanent crops: 5.15%
      other: 89.16% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      8,650 sq km (1998 est.)

      Natural hazards:
      frequent earthquakes, landslides, volcanic activity; floods; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes in ecologically sensitive areas of the Amazon Basin and Galapagos Islands

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      Cotopaxi in Andes is highest active volcano in world

      NOTE: The information regarding Ecuador on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Ecuador Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Ecuador Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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