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    Iceland Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/iceland/iceland_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Iceland's Scandinavian-type economy is basically capitalistic, yet with an extensive welfare system (including generous housing subsidies), low unemployment, and remarkably even distribution of income. In the absence of other natural resources (except for abundant geothermal power), the economy depends heavily on the fishing industry, which provides 70% of export earnings and employs 12% of the work force. The economy remains sensitive to declining fish stocks as well as to fluctuations in world prices for its main exports: fish and fish products, aluminum, and ferrosilicon. Government policies include reducing the budget and current account deficits, limiting foreign borrowing, containing inflation, revising agricultural and fishing policies, diversifying the economy, and privatizing state-owned industries. The government remains opposed to EU membership, primarily because of Icelanders' concern about losing control over their fishing resources. Iceland's economy has been diversifying into manufacturing and service industries in the last decade, and new developments in software production, biotechnology, and financial services are taking place. The tourism sector is also expanding, with the recent trends in ecotourism and whale watching. Growth had been remarkably steady in 1996-2001 at 3%-5%, but could not be sustained in 2002 in an environment of global recession. Growth resumed in 2003, and inflation dropped back from 5% to 2%.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $8.678 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      2.6% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $30,900 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 14% (includes fishing 12%)
      industry: 20%
      services: 66% (2002 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      NA%

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      2% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      159,000 (2000)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 5.1%, fishing and fish processing 11.8%, manufacturing 12.9%, construction 10.7%, other services 59.5% (1999)

      Unemployment rate:
      3.5% (2003 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $3.5 billion
      expenditures: $3.3 billion, including capital expenditures of $467 million (1999)

      Industries:
      fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism

      Industrial production growth rate:
      5.7% (2003 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      7.894 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 0.1%
      hydro: 82.5%
      other: 17.5% (geothermal) (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      7.341 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      16,300 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      0 bbl/day (2001)

      Oil - imports:
      15,470 bbl/day (2001)

      Agriculture - products:
      potatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish

      Exports:
      $2.379 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      fish and fish products 70%, animal products, aluminum, diatomite, ferrosilicon

      Exports - partners:
      Germany 18.5%, UK 17.5%, Netherlands 11.4%, US 10.9%, Spain 5.2%, Denmark 4.6%, Portugal 4.3%, Norway 4.2% (2002)

      Imports:
      $2.59 billion (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and equipment, petroleum products; foodstuffs, textiles

      Imports - partners:
      US 10.9%, Germany 10.7%, Denmark 8.5%, Norway 8%, UK 7.5%, Netherlands 6.1%, Sweden 5.9% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $2.6 billion (1999)

      Economic aid - donor:
      $NA

      Currency:
      Icelandic krona (ISK)

      Currency code:
      ISK

      Exchange rates:
      Icelandic kronur per US dollar - 76.71 (2003), 91.66 (2002), 97.42 (2001), 78.62 (2000), 72.34 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year


      NOTE: The information regarding Iceland on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iceland Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iceland Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/iceland/iceland_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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