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    Iceland Geography - 2004

      Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northwest of the UK

      Geographic coordinates:
      65 00 N, 18 00 W

      Map references:
      Arctic Region

      total: 103,000 sq km
      land: 100,250 sq km
      water: 2,750 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      slightly smaller than Kentucky

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      4,988 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      continental shelf: 200 NM or to the edge of the continental margin

      temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers

      mostly plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Hvannadalshnukur 2,119 m (at Vatnajokull glacier)

      Natural resources:
      fish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      other: 70% (2001 est.)
      forest and woodlands: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 28%

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      earthquakes and volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues:
      water pollution from fertilizer runoff; inadequate wastewater treatment

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Transboundary Air Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Environmental Modification, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note:
      strategic location between Greenland and Europe; westernmost European country; Reykjavik is the northernmost national capital in the world; more land covered by glaciers than in all of continental Europe

      NOTE: The information regarding Iceland on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Iceland Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Iceland Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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