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    Lithuania Government - 2004

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Lithuania
      conventional short form: Lithuania
      local short form: Lietuva
      former: Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
      local long form: Lietuvos Respublika

      Government type:
      parliamentary democracy


      Administrative divisions:
      10 counties (apskritys, singular - apskritis); Alytaus, Kauno, Klaipedos, Marijampoles, Panevezio, Siauliu, Taurages, Telsiu, Utenos, Vilniaus

      11 March 1990 (independence declared from Soviet Union); 6 September 1991 (Soviet Union recognizes Lithuania's independence)

      National holiday:
      Independence Day, 16 February (1918); note - 16 February 1918 is the date Lithuania declared its independence from Soviet Russia and established its statehood; 11 March 1990 is the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union

      adopted 25 October 1992

      Legal system:
      based on civil law system; legislative acts can be appealed to the constitutional court

      18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Arturas PAULAUSKAS (acting since 6 April 2004); note - Rolandas PAKSAS, president since 26 February 2003, was ousted on 6 April 2004 on charges of abuse of office
      head of government: Premier Algirdas Mykolas BRAZAUSKAS (since 3 July 2001)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president on the nomination of the premier
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 22 December 2002 and 5 January 2003 (next normally would be held in late 2007 but, following the removal of President Rolandas PASKAS on 6 April 2004, a new election has now been scheduled for 13 June 2004 ); premier appointed by the president on the approval of the Parliament
      election results: Rolandas PAKSAS elected president; percent of vote - Rolandas PAKSAS 54.9%, Valdas ADAMKUS 45.1%

      Legislative branch:
      unicameral Parliament or Seimas (141 seats, 71 members are directly elected by popular vote, 70 are elected by proportional representation; members serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held 8 October 2000 (next to be held NA October 2004)
      note: the voting results from the 2000 elections do not correspond to the make up of the Seimas, which has evolved into a number of factions, each made up of members of several parties
      election results: percent of vote by party - Social Democratic Coalition 31.1%, New Union-Social Liberals 19.6%, Liberal Union 17.2%, TS 8.6%, remaining parties all less than 5%; seats by faction - Social Democratic Coalition 51, New Union-Social Liberals 25, United Political Group-Group of Liberals 24, Liberal Democrats 13, Conservatives 9, Farmers and New Democracy Parties 8, Mixed Group 6, independent 1 (four seats unfilled as of 1 June 2003)

      Judicial branch:
      Constitutional Court; Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; judges for all courts appointed by the President

      Political parties and leaders:
      Electoral Action of Lithuanian Poles [Valdemar TOMASZEVSKI, chairman]; Homeland Union/Conservative Party or TS [Andrius KUBILIUS, chairman]; Lithuanian Center Union or LCS [Kestutis GLAVECKAS, chairman]; Lithuanian Christian Democrats or LKD [Kazys BOBELIS]; Lithuanian Farmer's Party or LUP [Ramunas KARBAUSKIS, chairman]; Lithuanian Green Party [Rimantas BRAZIULIS]; Lithuanian Liberal Youth [Neringa MOROZAITE]; Lithuanian National Democratic Party [Vygintas GONTIS]; Lithuanian Social Democratic Coalition [Algirdas BRAZAUSKAS, chairman] consists of the Lithuanian Democratic Labor Party or LDDP, the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party or LSDP, and New Democracy; Moderate Conservative Union [Gediminas VAGNORIUS]; Modern Christian Democratic Union [Vytautas BOGUSIS, chairman]; New Democracy and Farmer's Union [Kazimiera PRUNSKIENE, chairman]; New Union-Social Liberals [Arturas PAULAUSKAS, chairman]; Young Lithuania [Arnoldas PLATELIS]

      Political pressure groups and leaders:

      International organization participation:
      ACCT (observer), BIS, CBSS, CE, EAPC, EBRD, EU (new member), FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMIK, UPU, WCL, WCO, WEU (associate partner), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Vygaudas USACKAS
      chancery: 2622 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009
      consulate(s) general: Chicago and New York
      FAX: [1] (202) 328-0466
      telephone: [1] (202) 234-5860

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Stephen D. MULL
      embassy: Akmenu 6, 2600 Vilnius
      mailing address: American Embassy, Vilnius, PSC 78, Box V, APO AE 09723
      telephone: [370] (5) 266 5500
      FAX: [370] (5) 266 5510

      Flag description:
      three equal horizontal bands of yellow (top), green, and red

      NOTE: The information regarding Lithuania on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Lithuania Government 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Lithuania Government 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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