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    Nauru Geography - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/nauru/nauru_geography.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Location:
      Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands

      Geographic coordinates:
      0 32 S, 166 55 E

      Map references:
      Oceania

      Area:
      total: 21 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      land: 21 sq km

      Area - comparative:
      about 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      0 km

      Coastline:
      30 km

      Maritime claims - as described in UNCLOS 1982 (see Notes and Definitions):
      territorial sea: 12 NM
      exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
      contiguous zone: 24 NM

      Climate:
      tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)

      Terrain:
      sandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location along plateau rim 61 m

      Natural resources:
      phosphates, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      other: 100% (1998 est.)

      Irrigated land:
      NA sq km

      Natural hazards:
      periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues:
      limited natural fresh water resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; intensive phosphate mining during the past 90 years - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - has left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note:
      Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia; only 53 km south of Equator


      NOTE: The information regarding Nauru on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Nauru Geography 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Nauru Geography 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/nauru/nauru_geography.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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