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    Tanzania Economy - 2004
    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/tanzania/tanzania_economy.html
    SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

      Economy - overview:
      Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. The economy depends heavily on agriculture, which accounts for about half of GDP, provides 85% of exports, and employs 80% of the work force. Topography and climatic conditions, however, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. Industry traditionally featured the processing of agricultural products and light consumer goods. The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and bilateral donors have provided funds to rehabilitate Tanzania's out-of-date economic infrastructure and to alleviate poverty. Growth in 1991-2002 featured a pickup in industrial production and a substantial increase in output of minerals, led by gold. Oil and gas exploration and development played an important role in this growth. Recent banking reforms have helped increase private sector growth and investment. Continued donor assistance and solid macroeconomic policies supported real GDP growth of more than 5.2% in 2004.

      GDP:
      purchasing power parity - $21.58 billion (2003 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      5.2% (2003 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $600 (2003 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 44.7%
      industry: 16%
      services: 39.4% (2001 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      36% (2002 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: 2.8%
      highest 10%: 30.1% (1993)

      Distribution of family income - Gini index:
      38.2 (1993)

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      4.6% (2003 est.)

      Labor force:
      13.495 million

      Labor force - by occupation:
      agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (2002 est.)

      Unemployment rate:
      NA% (2001 est.)

      Budget:
      revenues: $1.2 billion
      expenditures: $2 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY02/03 est.)

      Industries:
      agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine), diamond and gold mining, oil refining, shoes, cement, textiles, wood products, fertilizer, salt

      Industrial production growth rate:
      8.4% (1999 est.)

      Electricity - production:
      2.906 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 18.9%
      hydro: 81.1%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      2.752 billion kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      50 million kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      17,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:
      NA

      Oil - imports:
      NA

      Oil - proved reserves:
      0 bbl (1 January 2002)

      Natural gas - proved reserves:
      11.33 billion cu m (1 January 2002)

      Agriculture - products:
      coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats

      Exports:
      $978 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton

      Exports - partners:
      UK 17.1%, France 16.2%, Japan 10.1%, India 6.7%, Netherlands 5.7% (2002)

      Imports:
      $1.674 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil

      Imports - partners:
      South Africa 10.8%, Japan 7.9%, India 6.1%, UAE 5.5%, Kenya 5.4%, UK 5.4%, US 5.2%, China 4.5%, Australia 4.1%, Bahrain 4% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $6.8 billion (2002 est.)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $1.2 billion (2001)

      Currency:
      Tanzanian shilling (TZS)

      Currency code:
      TZS

      Exchange rates:
      Tanzanian shillings per US dollar - NA (2003), 966.58 (2002), 876.41 (2001), 800.41 (2000), 744.76 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      1 July - 30 June


      NOTE: The information regarding Tanzania on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Tanzania Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Tanzania Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    https://immigration-usa.com/wfb2004/tanzania/tanzania_economy.html

    Revised 21-May-04
    Copyright © 2004 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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