਍㰀栀攀愀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀ഀഀ ਍㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀  䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀猀琀礀氀攀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀㸀ഀഀ A:link { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀瘀椀猀椀琀攀搀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀  挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀    㘀㘀㬀 紀ഀഀ A:active { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀栀漀瘀攀爀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀 挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀㤀㤀  ㌀㌀㬀 紀 ഀഀ a { text-decoration: none}਍㰀⼀猀琀礀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀⠀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ 猀Ⰰ 椀搀⤀ 笀ഀഀ var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];਍  椀昀 ⠀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀ 爀攀琀甀爀渀㬀ഀഀ js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;਍  樀猀⸀猀爀挀 㴀 ∀⼀⼀挀漀渀渀攀挀琀⸀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀⸀渀攀琀⼀攀渀开唀匀⼀愀氀氀⸀樀猀⌀砀昀戀洀氀㴀㄀☀愀瀀瀀䤀搀㴀㄀㠀㌀㘀 ㄀㐀㄀㔀 㠀㈀㄀㐀㘀∀㬀ഀഀ fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);਍紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ ✀猀挀爀椀瀀琀✀Ⰰ ✀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀ⴀ樀猀猀搀欀✀⤀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀  戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀搀爀甀最猀戀最爀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 挀漀氀猀瀀愀渀㴀∀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀㸀ഀഀ | COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS | ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㜀㈀㠀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀攀愀搀攀爀戀漀愀爀搀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "7548094546";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 㜀㈀㠀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 90;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ Belarus Government 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES਍㰀琀爀 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀 甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀㌀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀䌀䌀㤀㤀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

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਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀഀ




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਍㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀㔀 ∀㸀ഀഀ GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀  ∀㸀ഀഀ Spanish਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀稀栀ⴀ䌀一☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀挀栀椀渀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀匀椀洀瀀氀椀昀椀攀搀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ French਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀搀攀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀最攀爀洀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䜀攀爀洀愀渀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Russian਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀栀椀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀栀椀渀搀椀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䠀椀渀搀椀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Arabic਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀瀀琀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀瀀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀倀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀䠀刀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀愀爀最攀 刀攀挀琀愀渀最氀攀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "8137512903";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 ㌀㌀㘀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 280;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍倀愀最攀 氀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 漀渀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㈀㌀Ⰰഀഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Country name:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 刀攀猀瀀甀戀氀椀欀愀 䈀礀攀氀愀爀甀猀✀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䈀礀攀氀愀爀甀猀✀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀昀漀爀洀攀爀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䈀攀氀漀爀甀猀猀椀愀渀 ⠀䈀礀攀氀漀爀甀猀猀椀愀渀⤀ 匀漀瘀椀攀琀 匀漀挀椀愀氀椀猀琀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀开琀礀瀀攀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 琀礀瀀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ republic in name, although in fact a dictatorship਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Capital:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䴀椀渀猀欀ഀ ਍ഀ
geographic coordinates: 53 54 N, 27 34 E਍ ഀ
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)਍ ഀ
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March and will continue throughout 2011਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Administrative divisions:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㘀 瀀爀漀瘀椀渀挀攀猀 ⠀瘀漀戀氀愀猀琀猀椀Ⰰ 猀椀渀最甀氀愀爀 ⴀ 瘀漀戀氀愀猀琀猀✀⤀ 愀渀搀 ㄀ 洀甀渀椀挀椀瀀愀氀椀琀礀⨀ ⠀栀漀爀愀搀⤀㬀 䈀爀攀猀琀Ⰰ 䠀漀洀礀攀氀✀ ⠀䜀漀洀攀氀⤀Ⰰ 䠀漀爀愀搀 䴀椀渀猀欀⨀ ⠀䴀椀渀猀欀 䌀椀琀礀⤀Ⰰ 䠀爀漀搀渀愀 ⠀䜀爀漀搀渀漀⤀Ⰰ 䴀愀栀椀氀礀漀眀 ⠀䴀漀最椀氀攀瘀⤀Ⰰ 䴀椀渀猀欀Ⰰ 嘀椀琀猀礀攀戀猀欀 ⠀嘀椀琀攀戀猀欀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: administrative divisions have the same names as their administrative centers; Russian spelling provided for reference when different from Belarusian਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Independence:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㈀㔀 䄀甀最甀猀琀 ㄀㤀㤀㄀ ⠀昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 匀漀瘀椀攀琀 唀渀椀漀渀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开栀漀氀椀搀愀礀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 栀漀氀椀搀愀礀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Independence Day, 3 July (1944); note - 3 July 1944 was the date Minsk was liberated from German troops, 25 August 1991 was the date of independence from the Soviet Union਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Constitution:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㄀㔀 䴀愀爀挀栀 ㄀㤀㤀㐀㬀 爀攀瘀椀猀攀搀 戀礀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 爀攀昀攀爀攀渀搀甀洀 ㈀㐀 一漀瘀攀洀戀攀爀 ㄀㤀㤀㘀 最椀瘀椀渀最 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀挀礀 最爀攀愀琀氀礀 攀砀瀀愀渀搀攀搀 瀀漀眀攀爀猀㬀 戀攀挀愀洀攀 攀昀昀攀挀琀椀瘀攀 ㈀㜀 一漀瘀攀洀戀攀爀 ㄀㤀㤀㘀㬀 爀攀瘀椀猀攀搀 愀最愀椀渀 ㄀㜀 伀挀琀漀戀攀爀 ㈀  㐀 爀攀洀漀瘀椀渀最 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀椀愀氀 琀攀爀洀 氀椀洀椀琀猀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀氀攀最愀氀开猀礀猀琀攀洀∀㸀䰀攀最愀氀 猀礀猀琀攀洀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ civil law system; note - nearly all major codes (civil, civil procedure, criminal, criminal procedure, family and labor) have been revised and came into force in 1999 or 2000਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

International law organization participation:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 猀甀戀洀椀琀琀攀搀 愀渀 䤀䌀䨀 樀甀爀椀猀搀椀挀琀椀漀渀 搀攀挀氀愀爀愀琀椀漀渀㬀 渀漀渀ⴀ瀀愀爀琀礀 猀琀愀琀攀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䤀䌀䌀琀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀猀甀昀昀爀愀最攀∀㸀匀甀昀昀爀愀最攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 18 years of age; universal਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀瀀漀瀀甀氀愀琀椀漀渀⼀猀甀昀昀爀愀最攀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀匀甀昀昀爀愀最攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ ਍ഀ

Executive branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 猀琀愀琀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 䄀氀攀欀猀愀渀搀爀 䰀唀䬀䄀匀䠀䔀一䬀伀 ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 ㈀  䨀甀氀礀 ㄀㤀㤀㐀⤀ 渀漀琀攀 ⴀ 吀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 搀漀攀猀 渀漀琀 爀攀挀漀最渀椀稀攀 琀栀攀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀 漀昀 䐀攀挀攀洀戀攀爀 ㄀㤀Ⰰ ㈀ ㄀  攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 甀渀搀攀爀 眀栀椀挀栀 琀栀攀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䔀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 䌀漀洀洀椀猀猀椀漀渀 漀昀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 搀攀挀氀愀爀攀搀 䰀唀䬀䄀匀䠀䔀一䬀伀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀ഀ ਍ഀ
head of government: prime minister Mikhail MYASNIKOVICH (since 28 December 2010); first deputy prime minister Vladimir SEMASHKO (since December 2003)਍ ഀ
cabinet: Council of Ministers਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ
elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; first election took place on 23 June and 10 July 1994; according to the 1994 constitution, the next election should have been held in 1999, however, Aleksandr LUKASHENKO extended his term to 2001 via a November 1996 referendum; subsequent election held on 9 September 2001; an October 2004 referendum ended presidential term limits and allowed the president to run in a third (19 March 2006) and fourth election (19 December 2010); prime minister and deputy prime ministers appointed by the president਍ ഀ
election results: Aleksandr LUKASHENKO reelected president; percent of vote - Aleksandr LUKASHENKO 79.7%, Andrey SANNIKOV 2.6%, other candidates 17.7%; note - election marred by electoral fraud਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legislative branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 戀椀挀愀洀攀爀愀氀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀 漀爀 渀愀琀猀椀漀渀愀氀渀漀礀攀 猀漀戀爀愀渀椀礀攀 挀漀渀猀椀猀琀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䌀漀甀渀挀椀氀 漀昀 琀栀攀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀爀 匀漀瘀攀琀 刀攀猀瀀甀戀氀椀欀椀 ⠀㘀㐀 猀攀愀琀猀㬀 㔀㘀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 爀攀最椀漀渀愀氀 愀渀搀 䴀椀渀猀欀 挀椀琀礀 挀漀甀渀挀椀氀猀 愀渀搀 㠀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 愀瀀瀀漀椀渀琀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 瀀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀Ⰰ 琀漀 猀攀爀瘀攀 昀漀甀爀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀猀⤀ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 䌀栀愀洀戀攀爀 漀昀 刀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀瘀攀猀 漀爀 倀愀氀愀琀愀 倀爀攀搀猀琀愀瘀椀琀攀氀攀礀 ⠀㄀㄀  猀攀愀琀猀㬀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 瘀漀琀攀 琀漀 猀攀爀瘀攀 昀漀甀爀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀猀⤀㬀 渀漀琀攀 ⴀ 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 搀漀攀猀 渀漀琀 爀攀挀漀最渀椀稀攀 琀栀攀 氀攀最椀琀椀洀愀挀礀 漀昀 琀栀攀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 倀愀氀愀琀愀 倀爀攀搀猀琀愀瘀椀琀攀氀攀礀 ⴀ 氀愀猀琀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 ㈀㠀 匀攀瀀琀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀  㠀 ⠀渀攀砀琀 琀漀 戀攀 栀攀氀搀 渀漀 氀愀琀攀爀 琀栀愀渀 ㈀㌀ 匀攀瀀琀攀洀戀攀爀 ㈀ ㄀㈀⤀㬀 椀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀猀 搀攀琀攀爀洀椀渀攀搀 琀栀愀琀 搀攀猀瀀椀琀攀 洀椀渀漀爀 椀洀瀀爀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀猀 琀栀攀 攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 甀氀琀椀洀愀琀攀氀礀 昀攀氀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 漀昀 搀攀洀漀挀爀愀琀椀挀 猀琀愀渀搀愀爀搀猀㬀 瀀爀漀ⴀ䰀唀䬀䄀匀䠀䔀一䬀伀 挀愀渀搀椀搀愀琀攀猀 眀漀渀 攀瘀攀爀礀 猀攀愀琀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 匀漀瘀攀琀 刀攀猀瀀甀戀氀椀欀椀 ⴀ 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 一䄀㬀 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 一䄀㬀 倀愀氀愀琀愀 倀爀攀搀猀琀愀瘀椀琀攀氀攀礀 ⴀ 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 一䄀㬀 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 䬀倀䈀 㘀Ⰰ 䄀倀 ㄀Ⰰ 渀漀 愀昀昀椀氀椀愀琀椀漀渀 ㄀ ㌀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀樀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀开戀爀愀渀挀栀∀㸀䨀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Supreme Court (judges are appointed by the president); Constitutional Court (half of the judges appointed by the president and half appointed by the Chamber of Representatives)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Political parties and leaders:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀瀀爀漀ⴀ最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 䄀最爀愀爀椀愀渀 倀愀爀琀礀 漀爀 䄀倀 嬀䴀椀欀栀愀椀氀 匀䠀䤀䴀䄀一匀䬀夀崀㬀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 倀愀琀爀椀漀琀椀挀 䴀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀 ⠀䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 倀愀琀爀椀漀琀椀挀 倀愀爀琀礀⤀ 漀爀 䈀倀刀 嬀一椀欀漀氀愀礀 唀䰀䄀䬀䠀伀嘀䤀䌀䠀Ⰰ 挀栀愀椀爀洀愀渀崀㬀 䌀漀洀洀甀渀椀猀琀 倀愀爀琀礀 漀昀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 漀爀 䬀倀䈀 嬀吀愀琀猀礀愀渀愀 䠀伀䰀唀䈀䔀嘀䄀崀㬀 䰀椀戀攀爀愀氀 䐀攀洀漀挀爀愀琀椀挀 倀愀爀琀礀 漀爀 䰀䐀倀 嬀匀攀爀最攀礀 䜀䄀夀䐀唀䬀䔀嘀䤀䌀䠀崀㬀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀愀渀 倀愀爀琀礀 漀昀 䰀愀戀漀爀 愀渀搀 䨀甀猀琀椀挀攀 嬀嘀愀猀椀氀椀礀 娀䄀䐀一䔀倀刀夀䄀一夀夀崀ഀ ਍ഀ
opposition parties: Belarusian Christian Democracy Party [Pavel SEVERINETS] (unregistered); Belarusian Party of the Left "Fair World" [Sergey KALYAKIN]; Belarusian Popular Front or BPF [Aleksey YANUKEVICH]; Belarusian Social-Democratic Hramada [Stanislav SHUSHKEVICH]; Belarusian Social Democratic Party Hramada ("Assembly") or BSDPH [Anatoliy LEVKOVICH]; Belarusian Social Democratic Party People's Assembly ("Narodnaya Hramada") [Nikolay STATKEVICH] (unregistered); Christian Conservative Party or BPF [Zyanon PAZNIAK]; European Belarus Campaign [Andrey SANNIKOV]; Party of Freedom and Progress [Vladimir NOVOSYAD] (unregistered); "Tell the Truth" Campaign [Vladimir NEKLYAYEV]; United Civic Party or UCP [Anatoliy LEBEDKO]਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Political pressure groups and leaders:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䄀猀猀攀洀戀氀礀 漀昀 倀爀漀ⴀ䐀攀洀漀挀爀愀琀椀挀 一䜀伀猀 ⠀甀渀爀攀最椀猀琀攀爀攀搀⤀ 嬀匀攀爀最攀礀 䴀䄀吀匀䬀䔀嘀䤀䌀䠀崀㬀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 䌀漀渀最爀攀猀猀 漀昀 䐀攀洀漀挀爀愀琀椀挀 吀爀愀搀攀 唀渀椀漀渀猀 嬀䄀氀攀欀猀愀渀搀爀 夀䄀刀伀匀䠀唀䬀崀㬀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 䄀猀猀漀挀椀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 䨀漀甀爀渀愀氀椀猀琀猀 嬀娀栀愀渀愀 䰀䤀吀嘀䤀一䄀崀㬀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 䠀攀氀猀椀渀欀椀 䌀漀洀洀椀琀琀攀攀 嬀䄀氀攀栀 䠀唀䰀䄀䬀崀㬀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 䤀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀 䈀氀漀挀 ⠀甀渀爀攀最椀猀琀攀爀攀搀⤀ 愀渀搀 䘀漀爀 䘀爀攀攀搀漀洀 洀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀 嬀䄀氀攀欀猀愀渀搀爀 䴀䤀䰀䤀一䬀䔀嘀䤀䌀䠀崀㬀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 伀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 圀漀爀欀椀渀最 圀漀洀攀渀 嬀䤀爀椀渀愀 娀䠀䤀䬀䠀䄀刀崀㬀 䈀倀䘀ⴀ夀漀甀琀栀 嬀䄀渀搀爀甀猀 䬀刀䔀䌀䠀䬀䄀崀㬀 䌀栀愀爀琀攀爀 㤀㜀 ⠀甀渀爀攀最椀猀琀攀爀攀搀⤀ 嬀䄀渀搀爀攀礀 匀䄀一一䤀䬀伀嘀崀㬀 倀攀爀猀瀀攀欀琀椀瘀愀 猀洀愀氀氀 戀甀猀椀渀攀猀猀 愀猀猀漀挀椀愀琀椀漀渀 嬀䄀渀愀琀漀氀 匀䠀唀䴀䌀䠀䔀一䬀伀崀㬀 一愀猀栀愀 嘀礀愀猀渀愀 ⠀甀渀爀攀最椀猀琀攀爀攀搀⤀ ⠀∀伀甀爀 匀瀀爀椀渀最∀⤀ 栀甀洀愀渀 爀椀最栀琀猀 挀攀渀琀攀爀 嬀䄀氀攀猀 䈀夀䄀䰀夀䄀吀匀䬀䤀崀㬀 ∀吀攀氀氀 琀栀攀 吀爀甀琀栀∀ 䴀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀 嬀嘀氀愀搀椀洀椀爀 一䔀䬀䰀夀䄀夀䔀嘀崀㬀 圀漀洀攀渀✀猀 䤀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀琀 䐀攀洀漀挀爀愀琀椀挀 䴀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀 嬀䰀甀搀洀椀氀愀 倀䔀吀䤀一䄀崀㬀 夀漀甀渀最 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 ⠀䴀愀氀愀搀礀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀⤀ 嬀娀洀椀琀猀攀爀 䬀䄀匀倀夀䄀刀伀嘀䤀䌀䠀崀㬀 夀漀甀琀栀 䘀爀漀渀琀 ⠀䴀愀氀愀搀礀 䘀爀漀渀琀⤀ 嬀娀洀椀琀猀攀爀 䐀䄀匀䠀䬀䔀嘀䤀䌀䠀崀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀愀戀戀爀攀瘀椀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 漀爀最愀渀椀稀愀琀椀漀渀 瀀愀爀琀椀挀椀瀀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ BSEC (observer), CBSS (observer), CEI, CIS, CSTO, EAEC, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, GCTU, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, NSG, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, SCO (dialogue member), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer), ZC਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Diplomatic representation in the US:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 ⠀瘀愀挀愀渀琀⤀㬀 䌀栀愀爀最攀 搀✀䄀昀昀愀椀爀攀猀 伀氀攀最 䬀刀䄀嘀䌀䠀䔀一䬀伀ഀ ਍ഀ
chancery: 1619 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009਍ ഀ
telephone: [1] (202) 986-1604਍ ഀ
FAX: [1] (202) 986-1805਍ ഀ
consulate(s) general: New York਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Diplomatic representation from the US:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀洀戀愀猀猀愀搀漀爀 ⠀瘀愀挀愀渀琀⤀㬀 䌀栀愀爀最攀 搀✀䄀昀昀愀椀爀攀猀 䴀椀挀栀愀攀氀 匀䌀䄀一䰀䄀一ഀ ਍ഀ
embassy: 46 Starovilenskaya Street, Minsk 220002਍ ഀ
mailing address: PSC 78, Box B Minsk, APO 09723਍ ഀ
telephone: [375] (17) 210-12-83਍ ഀ
FAX: [375] (17) 334-7853਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Flag description:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 爀攀搀 栀漀爀椀稀漀渀琀愀氀 戀愀渀搀 ⠀琀漀瀀⤀ 愀渀搀 最爀攀攀渀 栀漀爀椀稀漀渀琀愀氀 戀愀渀搀 漀渀攀ⴀ栀愀氀昀 琀栀攀 眀椀搀琀栀 漀昀 琀栀攀 爀攀搀 戀愀渀搀㬀 愀 眀栀椀琀攀 瘀攀爀琀椀挀愀氀 猀琀爀椀瀀攀 漀渀 琀栀攀 栀漀椀猀琀 猀椀搀攀 戀攀愀爀猀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀 渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 漀爀渀愀洀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 爀攀搀㬀 琀栀攀 爀攀搀 戀愀渀搀 挀漀氀漀爀 爀攀挀愀氀氀猀 瀀愀猀琀 猀琀爀甀最最氀攀猀 昀爀漀洀 漀瀀瀀爀攀猀猀椀漀渀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 最爀攀攀渀 戀愀渀搀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀猀 栀漀瀀攀 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 洀愀渀礀 昀漀爀攀猀琀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开猀礀洀戀漀氀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀礀洀戀漀氀⠀猀⤀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ mounted knight known as Pahonia (the Chaser)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National anthem:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ∀䴀礀Ⰰ 䈀椀攀氀愀爀甀猀礀∀ ⠀圀攀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀椀愀渀猀⤀ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ

਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀樀眀瀀氀愀礀攀爀⸀樀猀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀ ਍ഀ
lyrics/music: Mikhas KLIMKOVICH and Uladzimir KARYZNA/Nester SAKALOUSKI਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 洀甀猀椀挀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 ㄀㤀㔀㔀Ⰰ 氀礀爀椀挀猀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 ㈀  ㈀㬀 愀昀琀攀爀 琀栀攀 昀愀氀氀 漀昀 琀栀攀 匀漀瘀椀攀琀 唀渀椀漀渀Ⰰ 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 欀攀瀀琀 琀栀攀 洀甀猀椀挀 漀昀 椀琀猀 匀漀瘀椀攀琀ⴀ攀爀愀 愀渀琀栀攀洀 戀甀琀 愀搀漀瀀琀攀搀 渀攀眀 氀礀爀椀挀猀㬀 愀氀猀漀 欀渀漀眀渀 愀猀 ∀䐀稀椀愀爀稀愀甀渀礀 栀椀洀渀 刀攀猀瀀甀戀氀椀欀椀 䈀椀攀氀愀爀甀猀∀ ⠀匀琀愀琀攀 䄀渀琀栀攀洀 漀昀 琀栀攀 刀攀瀀甀戀氀椀挀 漀昀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀瀀㸀 ഀഀ
਍㰀倀㸀ഀഀ ਍一伀吀䔀㨀 吀栀攀 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 漀渀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 椀猀 爀攀ⴀ瀀甀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀 䈀漀漀欀 漀昀 琀栀攀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 匀琀愀琀攀猀 䌀攀渀琀爀愀氀 䤀渀琀攀氀氀椀最攀渀挀攀 䄀最攀渀挀礀⸀ 一漀 挀氀愀椀洀猀 愀爀攀 洀愀搀攀 爀攀最愀爀搀椀渀最 琀栀攀 愀挀挀甀爀愀挀礀 漀昀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 椀渀昀漀爀洀愀琀椀漀渀 挀漀渀琀愀椀渀攀搀 栀攀爀攀⸀ 䄀氀氀 猀甀最最攀猀琀椀漀渀猀 昀漀爀 挀漀爀爀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 愀渀礀 攀爀爀漀爀猀 愀戀漀甀琀 䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀ 猀栀漀甀氀搀 戀攀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀攀搀 琀漀 琀栀攀 䌀䤀䄀⸀ ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

਍ഀഀ
਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ ⴀ 倀氀攀愀猀攀 戀漀漀欀洀愀爀欀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 ⠀愀搀搀 椀琀 琀漀 礀漀甀爀 昀愀瘀漀爀椀琀攀猀⤀⸀ഀഀ
਍ ⴀ 䤀昀 礀漀甀 眀椀猀栀 琀漀 㰀戀㸀氀椀渀欀㰀⼀戀㸀 琀漀 琀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀Ⰰ 礀漀甀 挀愀渀 搀漀 猀漀 戀礀 爀攀昀攀爀爀椀渀最 琀漀 琀栀攀 唀刀䰀 愀搀搀爀攀猀猀 戀攀氀漀眀 琀栀椀猀 氀椀渀攀⸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ
਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ

਍吀栀椀猀 瀀愀最攀 眀愀猀 氀愀猀琀 洀漀搀椀昀椀攀搀  㜀ⴀ䴀愀爀ⴀ㄀㈀ 㰀戀爀㸀 ഀഀ Copyright © 1995-2012 ITA all rights reserved.਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀㈀   瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀最栀琀开戀氀甀攀⸀最椀昀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀℀ⴀⴀ 匀椀琀攀匀攀愀爀挀栀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀഀ
਍ഀഀഀ
਍㰀⼀昀漀爀洀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀∀ 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
  • |Main INDEX|਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⸀⸀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀㈀ ㄀㈀ 䤀一䐀䔀堀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Country Ranks਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䐀䔀䘀䤀一䤀吀䤀伀一匀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 䤀渀搀攀砀 ㈀ ㄀㈀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀挀甀爀爀攀渀琀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䈀攀氀愀爀甀猀 䴀愀椀渀 䤀渀搀攀砀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Introduction਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀漀爀欀洀愀氀氀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  ㄀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开栀椀猀琀漀爀礀开椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䠀椀猀琀漀爀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Geography ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀⼀挀氀椀洀愀琀攀⼀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开挀氀椀洀愀琀攀开挀氀椀洀愀琀攀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀氀椀洀愀琀攀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  •   Maps
    ਍ഀഀ
  • People
    ਍㰀⼀戀㸀ഀഀ   Religion਍㰀戀㸀㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀䈀㸀ഀഀ ਍☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开挀栀椀攀昀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀 䜀漀瘀⸀ 䰀攀愀搀攀爀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
     Flags਍㰀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开攀挀漀渀漀洀礀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䔀挀漀渀漀洀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Communications਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开琀爀愀渀猀瀀漀爀琀愀琀椀漀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀爀愀渀猀瀀漀爀琀愀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
    ਍☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  ㄀⼀愀椀爀瀀漀爀琀开挀漀搀攀猀开愀氀瀀栀愀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䄀椀爀瀀漀爀琀 䌀漀搀攀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀戀攀氀愀爀甀猀开洀椀氀椀琀愀爀礀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䴀椀氀椀琀愀爀礀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Transnational Issues਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀瀀栀漀琀漀猀⼀∀㸀倀栀漀琀漀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀甀氀㸀㰀䄀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀眀眀愀搀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀䄀搀瘀攀爀琀椀猀攀 䠀攀爀攀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀甀氀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀甀氀㸀 ⸀ 㰀䄀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀开昀攀攀搀戀愀挀欀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䘀攀攀搀戀愀挀欀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀搀椀瘀 挀氀愀猀猀㴀∀昀戀ⴀ氀椀欀攀∀ 搀愀琀愀ⴀ猀攀渀搀㴀∀昀愀氀猀攀∀ 搀愀琀愀ⴀ氀愀礀漀甀琀㴀∀戀甀琀琀漀渀开挀漀甀渀琀∀ 搀愀琀愀ⴀ眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㠀 ∀ 搀愀琀愀ⴀ猀栀漀眀ⴀ昀愀挀攀猀㴀∀昀愀氀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀搀椀瘀㸀ഀഀ

    ਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀猀㨀⼀⼀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀⸀挀漀洀⼀猀栀愀爀攀∀ 挀氀愀猀猀㴀∀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀ⴀ猀栀愀爀攀ⴀ戀甀琀琀漀渀∀ 搀愀琀愀ⴀ挀漀甀渀琀㴀∀渀漀渀攀∀㸀吀眀攀攀琀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
    ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀戀㸀ഀഀ
    ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀戀漀搀礀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ