਍㰀栀攀愀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍䤀猀爀愀攀氀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀ഀഀ ਍㰀䴀䔀吀䄀 一䄀䴀䔀㴀∀䐀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀∀  䌀伀一吀䔀一吀㴀∀䤀猀爀愀攀氀 䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 ㈀ ㄀㈀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䄀 圀漀爀氀搀 䘀愀挀琀戀漀漀欀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀猀琀礀氀攀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀挀猀猀∀㸀ഀഀ A:link { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀瘀椀猀椀琀攀搀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀  挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀    㘀㘀㬀 紀ഀഀ A:active { text-decoration: none; color:#000066; }਍䄀㨀栀漀瘀攀爀 笀 琀攀砀琀ⴀ搀攀挀漀爀愀琀椀漀渀㨀 渀漀渀攀㬀 挀漀氀漀爀㨀⌀㤀㤀  ㌀㌀㬀 紀 ഀഀ a { text-decoration: none}਍㰀⼀猀琀礀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀⠀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ 猀Ⰰ 椀搀⤀ 笀ഀഀ var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];਍  椀昀 ⠀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀ 爀攀琀甀爀渀㬀ഀഀ js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id;਍  樀猀⸀猀爀挀 㴀 ∀⼀⼀挀漀渀渀攀挀琀⸀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀⸀渀攀琀⼀攀渀开唀匀⼀愀氀氀⸀樀猀⌀砀昀戀洀氀㴀㄀☀愀瀀瀀䤀搀㴀㄀㠀㌀㘀 ㄀㐀㄀㔀 㠀㈀㄀㐀㘀∀㬀ഀഀ fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs);਍紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ ✀猀挀爀椀瀀琀✀Ⰰ ✀昀愀挀攀戀漀漀欀ⴀ樀猀猀搀欀✀⤀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀  戀愀挀欀最爀漀甀渀搀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀搀爀甀最猀戀最爀⸀最椀昀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 挀漀氀猀瀀愀渀㴀∀㈀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀㸀ഀഀ | COUNTRIES | GEOGRAPHIC NAMES | GEOLOGY | USA STATS | CHINA STATS | COUNTRY CODES | AIRPORTS | RELIGION | JOBS | ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀琀搀 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㜀㈀㠀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀攀愀搀攀爀戀漀愀爀搀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "7548094546";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 㜀㈀㠀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 90;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ Israel Government 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ SOURCE: 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK AND OTHER SOURCES਍㰀琀爀 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㌀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀眀栀椀琀攀∀ 渀漀眀爀愀瀀 甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀㈀  㠀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀氀椀渀攀㄀㌀⸀最椀昀∀㸀㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀⼀琀爀㸀㰀⼀琀愀戀氀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀ 戀最挀漀氀漀爀㴀∀⌀䘀䘀䌀䌀㤀㤀∀ 挀攀氀氀猀瀀愀挀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 挀攀氀氀瀀愀搀搀椀渀最㴀∀ ∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㤀㜀㈀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 瘀愀氀椀最渀㴀∀琀漀瀀∀ 栀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀ 瘀猀瀀愀挀攀㴀∀ ∀  甀渀椀琀猀㴀∀瀀椀砀攀氀猀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ

਍ഀഀ
਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀഀ ਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀഀ




਍ഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀ



਍㰀⼀挀攀渀琀攀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀渀琀 昀愀挀攀㴀∀愀爀椀愀氀∀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀琀愀戀氀攀㸀㰀琀爀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀㔀 ∀㸀ഀഀ GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀㰀琀搀 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㌀  ∀㸀ഀഀ Spanish਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀稀栀ⴀ䌀一☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀挀栀椀渀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀匀椀洀瀀氀椀昀椀攀搀 䌀栀椀渀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ French਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀搀攀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀最攀爀洀愀渀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䜀攀爀洀愀渀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Russian਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀栀椀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀栀椀渀搀椀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀䠀椀渀搀椀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ Arabic਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀㼀甀㴀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀椀洀洀椀最爀愀琀椀漀渀ⴀ甀猀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀漀爀氀搀开昀愀挀琀开戀漀漀欀开㈀ ㄀㈀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀⼀椀猀爀愀攀氀开最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀⸀栀琀洀氀☀猀氀㴀攀渀☀琀氀㴀瀀琀☀椀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀☀漀攀㴀唀吀䘀ⴀ㠀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 戀漀爀搀攀爀 㴀∀ ∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀瀀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀开琀爀愀渀猀氀愀琀攀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀琀㴀∀倀漀爀琀甀最甀攀猀攀∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀䠀刀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀㰀℀ⴀⴀഀഀ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7437757543052749";਍⼀⨀ 圀䘀䈀 䰀愀爀最攀 刀攀挀琀愀渀最氀攀 ⨀⼀ഀഀ google_ad_slot = "8137512903";਍最漀漀最氀攀开愀搀开眀椀搀琀栀 㴀 ㌀㌀㘀㬀ഀഀ google_ad_height = 280;਍⼀⼀ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ഀഀ src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js">਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍倀愀最攀 氀愀猀琀 甀瀀搀愀琀攀搀 漀渀 䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㈀㌀Ⰰഀഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Country name:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 匀琀愀琀攀 漀昀 䤀猀爀愀攀氀 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀瘀攀渀琀椀漀渀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䤀猀爀愀攀氀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 氀漀渀最 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䴀攀搀椀渀愀琀 夀椀猀爀愀✀攀氀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀漀挀愀氀 猀栀漀爀琀 昀漀爀洀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 夀椀猀爀愀✀攀氀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀开琀礀瀀攀∀㸀䜀漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀 琀礀瀀攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ parliamentary democracy਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Capital:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀渀愀洀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䨀攀爀甀猀愀氀攀洀ഀ ਍ഀ
geographic coordinates: 31 46 N, 35 14 E਍ ഀ
time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)਍ ഀ
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Friday in April; ends the Sunday between the holidays of Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur਍ ഀ
਍ 㰀攀洀㸀渀漀琀攀㨀㰀⼀攀洀㸀㰀⼀椀㸀 䤀猀爀愀攀氀 瀀爀漀挀氀愀椀洀攀搀 䨀攀爀甀猀愀氀攀洀 愀猀 椀琀猀 挀愀瀀椀琀愀氀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㔀 Ⰰ 戀甀琀 琀栀攀 唀匀Ⰰ 氀椀欀攀 愀氀氀 漀琀栀攀爀 挀漀甀渀琀爀椀攀猀Ⰰ 洀愀椀渀琀愀椀渀猀 椀琀猀 䔀洀戀愀猀猀礀 椀渀 吀攀氀 䄀瘀椀瘀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀愀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀瘀攀开搀椀瘀椀猀椀漀渀猀∀㸀䄀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀瘀攀 搀椀瘀椀猀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz); Central, Haifa, Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Independence:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ㄀㐀 䴀愀礀 ㄀㤀㐀㠀 ⠀昀爀漀洀 䰀攀愀最甀攀 漀昀 一愀琀椀漀渀猀 洀愀渀搀愀琀攀 甀渀搀攀爀 䈀爀椀琀椀猀栀 愀搀洀椀渀椀猀琀爀愀琀椀漀渀⤀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开栀漀氀椀搀愀礀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 栀漀氀椀搀愀礀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Independence Day, 14 May (1948); note - Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948, but the Jewish calendar is lunar and the holiday may occur in April or May਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Constitution:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 渀漀 昀漀爀洀愀氀 挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀㬀 猀漀洀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀猀 漀昀 愀 挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀 愀爀攀 昀椀氀氀攀搀 戀礀 琀栀攀 䐀攀挀氀愀爀愀琀椀漀渀 漀昀 䔀猀琀愀戀氀椀猀栀洀攀渀琀 ⠀㄀㤀㐀㠀⤀Ⰰ 琀栀攀 䈀愀猀椀挀 䰀愀眀猀 漀昀 琀栀攀 瀀愀爀氀椀愀洀攀渀琀 ⠀䬀渀攀猀猀攀琀⤀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 琀栀攀 䤀猀爀愀攀氀椀 挀椀琀椀稀攀渀猀栀椀瀀 氀愀眀㬀 渀漀琀攀 ⴀ 猀椀渀挀攀 䴀愀礀 ㈀  ㌀ 琀栀攀 䌀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀Ⰰ 䰀愀眀Ⰰ 愀渀搀 䨀甀猀琀椀挀攀 䌀漀洀洀椀琀琀攀攀 漀昀 琀栀攀 䬀渀攀猀猀攀琀 栀愀猀 戀攀攀渀 眀漀爀欀椀渀最 漀渀 愀 搀爀愀昀琀 挀漀渀猀琀椀琀甀琀椀漀渀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀氀攀最愀氀开猀礀猀琀攀洀∀㸀䰀攀最愀氀 猀礀猀琀攀洀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ mixed legal system of English common law, British Mandate regulations, and Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious laws਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

International law organization participation:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 栀愀猀 渀漀琀 猀甀戀洀椀琀琀攀搀 愀渀 䤀䌀䨀 樀甀爀椀猀搀椀挀琀椀漀渀 搀攀挀氀愀爀愀琀椀漀渀㬀 眀椀琀栀搀爀攀眀 愀挀挀攀瀀琀愀渀挀攀 漀昀 䤀䌀䌀琀 樀甀爀椀猀搀椀挀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 ㈀  ㈀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀猀甀昀昀爀愀最攀∀㸀匀甀昀昀爀愀最攀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ 18 years of age; universal਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀嬀猀攀攀 愀氀猀漀㨀 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀瀀漀瀀甀氀愀琀椀漀渀⼀猀甀昀昀爀愀最攀开㈀ ㄀㈀开 ⸀栀琀洀氀∀ 琀愀爀最攀琀㴀∀开戀氀愀渀欀∀㸀㰀甀㸀匀甀昀昀爀愀最攀 挀漀甀渀琀爀礀 爀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀甀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀 崀ഀഀ ਍ഀ

Executive branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀椀㸀挀栀椀攀昀 漀昀 猀琀愀琀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 倀爀攀猀椀搀攀渀琀 匀栀椀洀漀渀 倀䔀刀䔀匀 ⠀猀椀渀挀攀 ㄀㔀 䨀甀氀礀 ㈀  㜀⤀ഀ ਍ഀ
head of government: Prime Minister Binyamin NETANYAHU (since 31 March 2009)਍ ഀ
cabinet: Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved by the Knesset਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ
elections: president largely a ceremonial role and is elected by the Knesset for a seven-year term (one-term limit); election last held 13 June 2007 (next to be held in 2014 but can be called earlier); following legislative elections, the president, in consultation with party leaders, assigns the task of forming a governing coalition to a Knesset member who he or she determines is most likely to accomplish that task਍ ഀ
election results: Shimon PERES elected president; number of votes in first round - Shimon PERES 58, Reuven RIVLIN 37, Colette AVITAL 21; PERES elected president in second round with 86 votes (unopposed)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Legislative branch:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 甀渀椀挀愀洀攀爀愀氀 䬀渀攀猀猀攀琀 ⠀㄀㈀  猀攀愀琀猀㬀 瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀愀爀琀椀攀猀 愀爀攀 攀氀攀挀琀攀搀 戀礀 瀀漀瀀甀氀愀爀 瘀漀琀攀 愀渀搀 愀猀猀椀最渀攀搀 猀攀愀琀猀 昀漀爀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 漀渀 愀 瀀爀漀瀀漀爀琀椀漀渀愀氀 戀愀猀椀猀㬀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 猀攀爀瘀攀 昀漀甀爀ⴀ礀攀愀爀 琀攀爀洀猀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 氀愀猀琀 栀攀氀搀 漀渀 ㄀  䘀攀戀爀甀愀爀礀 ㈀  㤀 ⠀渀攀砀琀 猀挀栀攀搀甀氀攀搀 攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 琀漀 戀攀 栀攀氀搀 椀渀 ㈀ ㄀㌀⤀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀氀攀挀琀椀漀渀 爀攀猀甀氀琀猀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 瀀攀爀挀攀渀琀 漀昀 瘀漀琀攀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 䬀愀搀椀洀愀 ㈀㈀⸀㔀─Ⰰ 䰀椀欀甀搀ⴀ䄀栀椀 ㈀㄀⸀㘀─Ⰰ 夀䈀 ㄀㄀⸀㜀─Ⰰ 䰀愀戀漀爀 㤀⸀㤀─Ⰰ 匀䠀䄀匀 㠀⸀㔀─Ⰰ 唀渀椀琀攀搀 吀漀爀愀栀 䨀甀搀愀椀猀洀 㐀⸀㐀─Ⰰ 唀渀椀琀攀搀 䄀爀愀戀 䰀椀猀琀 ㌀⸀㐀─Ⰰ 䠀愀搀愀猀栀 ㌀⸀㌀─Ⰰ 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 唀渀椀漀渀 ㌀⸀㌀─Ⰰ 一攀眀 䴀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀ⴀ䴀攀爀攀琀稀 ㌀─Ⰰ 吀栀攀 䨀攀眀椀猀栀 䠀漀洀攀 ㈀⸀㤀─Ⰰ 䈀愀氀愀搀 ㈀⸀㘀─㬀 猀攀愀琀猀 戀礀 瀀愀爀琀礀 ⴀ 䬀愀搀椀洀愀 ㈀㠀Ⰰ 䰀椀欀甀搀ⴀ䄀栀椀 ㈀㜀Ⰰ 夀䈀 ㄀㔀Ⰰ 䰀愀戀漀爀 ㄀㌀Ⰰ 匀䠀䄀匀 ㄀㄀Ⰰ 唀渀椀琀攀搀 吀漀爀愀栀 䨀甀搀愀椀猀洀 㔀Ⰰ 唀渀椀琀攀搀 䄀爀愀戀 䰀椀猀琀 㐀Ⰰ 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 唀渀椀漀渀 㐀Ⰰ 䠀䄀䐀䄀匀䠀 㐀Ⰰ 吀栀攀 䨀攀眀椀猀栀 䠀漀洀攀 ㌀Ⰰ 一攀眀 䴀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀ⴀ䴀攀爀攀琀稀 ㌀Ⰰ 䈀愀氀愀搀 ㌀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note:
Ehud Barak and four others on 17 January 2011 split from the Labor Party and formed the Atzmaut (Independence) Party; the Labor Party holds 8 seats in the Knesset and the Independence Party holds 5 seats਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀樀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀开戀爀愀渀挀栀∀㸀䨀甀搀椀挀椀愀氀 戀爀愀渀挀栀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ Supreme Court (justices appointed by Judicial Selection Committee - made up of all three branches of the government; mandatory retirement age is 70)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

Political parties and leaders:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䄀琀稀洀愀甀琀 ⠀䤀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀挀攀⤀ 倀愀爀琀礀 嬀䔀栀甀搀 䈀䄀刀䄀䬀崀㬀 䈀愀氀愀搀 嬀䨀愀洀愀氀 娀䄀䠀䄀䰀䬀䄀崀㬀 䐀攀洀漀挀爀愀琀椀挀 䘀爀漀渀琀 昀漀爀 倀攀愀挀攀 愀渀搀 䔀焀甀愀氀椀琀礀 ⠀䠀䄀䐀䄀匀䠀⤀ 嬀䴀甀栀愀洀洀愀搀 䈀䄀刀䄀䬀䔀䠀崀㬀 䬀愀搀椀洀愀 嬀吀稀椀瀀漀爀愀 ∀吀稀椀瀀椀∀ 䰀䤀嘀一䤀崀㬀 䰀愀戀漀爀 倀愀爀琀礀 嬀匀栀攀氀氀礀 夀䔀䌀䠀䤀䴀伀嘀䤀䌀䠀崀㬀 䰀椀欀甀搀 嬀䈀椀渀礀愀洀椀渀 一䔀吀䄀一夀䄀䠀唀崀㬀 一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 唀渀椀漀渀 嬀夀愀愀欀漀瘀 䬀䄀吀娀崀㬀 匀䠀䄀匀 嬀䔀氀椀礀愀栀甀 夀䤀匀䠀䄀䤀崀㬀 吀栀攀 䨀攀眀椀猀栀 䠀漀洀攀 ⠀䠀愀䈀愀礀椀琀 䠀愀夀攀栀甀搀椀⤀ 嬀䐀愀渀椀攀氀 䠀䔀刀匀䌀䠀䬀伀圀䤀吀娀崀㬀 吀栀攀 一攀眀 䴀漀瘀攀洀攀渀琀ⴀ䴀攀爀攀琀稀 嬀䠀愀椀洀 伀刀伀一崀㬀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 䄀爀愀戀 䰀椀猀琀ⴀ吀愀✀愀氀 嬀䤀戀爀愀栀椀洀 匀䄀刀匀唀刀崀㬀 唀渀椀琀攀搀 吀漀爀愀栀 䨀甀搀愀椀猀洀 漀爀 唀吀䨀 嬀夀愀愀欀漀瘀 䰀䤀吀娀䴀䄀一崀㬀 夀椀猀爀愀攀氀 䈀攀椀琀攀椀渀甀 漀爀 夀䈀 嬀䄀瘀椀最搀漀爀 䰀䤀䔀䈀䔀刀䴀䄀一崀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀瀀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀开瀀爀攀猀猀甀爀攀开最爀漀甀瀀猀开愀渀搀开氀攀愀搀攀爀猀∀㸀倀漀氀椀琀椀挀愀氀 瀀爀攀猀猀甀爀攀 最爀漀甀瀀猀 愀渀搀 氀攀愀搀攀爀猀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ B'Tselem [Jessica MONTELL, Executive Director] monitors human rights abuses; Peace Now [Yariv OPPENHEIMER, Secretary General] supports territorial concessions in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; YESHA Council of Settlements [Danny DAYAN, Chairman] promotes settler interests and opposes territorial compromise; Breaking the Silence [Yehuda SHAUL, Executive Director] collects testimonies from soldiers who served in the West Bank and Gaza Strip਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

International organization participation:
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 䈀䤀匀Ⰰ 䈀匀䔀䌀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 䌀䔀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 䌀䔀刀一 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 䌀䤀䌀䄀Ⰰ 䔀䈀刀䐀Ⰰ 䘀䄀伀Ⰰ 䤀䄀䐀䈀Ⰰ 䤀䄀䔀䄀Ⰰ 䤀䈀刀䐀Ⰰ 䤀䌀䄀伀Ⰰ 䤀䌀䌀Ⰰ 䤀䌀刀䴀Ⰰ 䤀䐀䄀Ⰰ 䤀䘀䄀䐀Ⰰ 䤀䘀䌀Ⰰ 䤀䘀刀䌀匀Ⰰ 䤀䰀伀Ⰰ 䤀䴀䘀Ⰰ 䤀䴀伀Ⰰ 䤀䴀匀伀Ⰰ 䤀渀琀攀爀瀀漀氀Ⰰ 䤀伀䌀Ⰰ 䤀伀䴀Ⰰ 䤀倀唀Ⰰ 䤀匀伀Ⰰ 䤀吀匀伀Ⰰ 䤀吀唀Ⰰ 䤀吀唀䌀Ⰰ 䴀䤀䜀䄀Ⰰ 伀䄀匀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 伀䔀䌀䐀Ⰰ 伀倀䌀圀 ⠀猀椀最渀愀琀漀爀礀⤀Ⰰ 伀匀䌀䔀 ⠀瀀愀爀琀渀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 倀愀爀椀猀 䌀氀甀戀 ⠀愀猀猀漀挀椀愀琀攀⤀Ⰰ 倀䌀䄀Ⰰ 匀䔀䰀䔀䌀 ⠀漀戀猀攀爀瘀攀爀⤀Ⰰ 唀一Ⰰ 唀一䌀吀䄀䐀Ⰰ 唀一䔀匀䌀伀Ⰰ 唀一䠀䌀刀Ⰰ 唀一䤀䐀伀Ⰰ 唀一圀吀伀Ⰰ 唀倀唀Ⰰ 圀䌀伀Ⰰ 圀䠀伀Ⰰ 圀䤀倀伀Ⰰ 圀䴀伀Ⰰ 圀吀伀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀搀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀开爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀开椀渀开琀栀攀开甀猀∀㸀䐀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 椀渀 琀栀攀 唀匀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of mission: Ambassador Michael B. OREN਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀栀愀渀挀攀爀礀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 ㌀㔀㄀㐀 䤀渀琀攀爀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䐀爀椀瘀攀 一圀Ⰰ 圀愀猀栀椀渀最琀漀渀Ⰰ 䐀䌀 ㈀   㠀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀琀攀氀攀瀀栀漀渀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㄀崀 ⠀㈀ ㈀⤀ ㌀㘀㐀ⴀ㔀㔀  ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀䘀䄀堀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㄀崀 ⠀㈀ ㈀⤀ ㌀㘀㐀ⴀ㔀㘀 㜀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀猀甀氀愀琀攀⠀猀⤀ 最攀渀攀爀愀氀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䄀琀氀愀渀琀愀Ⰰ 䈀漀猀琀漀渀Ⰰ 䌀栀椀挀愀最漀Ⰰ 䠀漀甀猀琀漀渀Ⰰ 䰀漀猀 䄀渀最攀氀攀猀Ⰰ 䴀椀愀洀椀Ⰰ 一攀眀 夀漀爀欀Ⰰ 倀栀椀氀愀搀攀氀瀀栀椀愀Ⰰ 匀愀渀 䘀爀愀渀挀椀猀挀漀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀搀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀开爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀开昀爀漀洀开琀栀攀开甀猀∀㸀䐀椀瀀氀漀洀愀琀椀挀 爀攀瀀爀攀猀攀渀琀愀琀椀漀渀 昀爀漀洀 琀栀攀 唀匀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel B. SHAPIRO਍ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀攀洀戀愀猀猀礀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 㜀㄀ 䠀愀礀愀爀欀漀渀 匀琀爀攀攀琀Ⰰ 吀攀氀 䄀瘀椀瘀 㘀㌀㤀 ㌀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀琀攀氀攀瀀栀漀渀攀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㤀㜀㈀崀 ⠀㌀⤀ 㔀㄀㤀ⴀ㜀㔀㜀㔀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀䘀䄀堀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 嬀㤀㜀㈀崀 ⠀㌀⤀ 㔀㄀㘀ⴀ㐀㌀㤀 ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀挀漀渀猀甀氀愀琀攀⠀猀⤀ 最攀渀攀爀愀氀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 䨀攀爀甀猀愀氀攀洀㬀 渀漀琀攀 ⴀ 愀渀 椀渀搀攀瀀攀渀搀攀渀琀 唀匀 洀椀猀猀椀漀渀Ⰰ 攀猀琀愀戀氀椀猀栀攀搀 椀渀 ㄀㤀㈀㠀Ⰰ 眀栀漀猀攀 洀攀洀戀攀爀猀 愀爀攀 渀漀琀 愀挀挀爀攀搀椀琀攀搀 琀漀 愀 昀漀爀攀椀最渀 最漀瘀攀爀渀洀攀渀琀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀昀氀愀最猀⼀∀㸀䘀氀愀最㰀⼀愀㸀 搀攀猀挀爀椀瀀琀椀漀渀㨀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ white with a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and bottom edges of the flag; the basic design resembles a Jewish prayer shawl (tallit), which is white with blue stripes; the hexagram as a Jewish symbol dates back to medieval times਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ

National symbol(s):
਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 匀琀愀爀 漀昀 䐀愀瘀椀搀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ 㰀瀀㸀㰀戀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀 㴀 ∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀⼀眀昀戀㈀   ⼀搀攀昀椀渀椀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀⌀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀开愀渀琀栀攀洀∀㸀一愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 愀渀琀栀攀洀㨀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀⼀戀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ name: "Hatikvah" (The Hope)਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍㰀搀椀瘀 椀搀㴀∀洀攀搀椀愀瀀氀愀礀攀爀∀ 猀琀礀氀攀㴀∀栀攀椀最栀琀㨀 ㈀㌀瀀砀㬀∀㸀ഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀㸀ഀ jwplayer("mediaplayer").setup({਍✀昀氀愀猀栀瀀氀愀礀攀爀✀ 㨀 ∀瀀氀愀礀攀爀⸀猀眀昀∀Ⰰഀ 'file': "../anthems/IS.mp3",਍✀挀漀渀琀爀漀氀戀愀爀✀㨀 ✀戀漀琀琀漀洀✀Ⰰഀ 'width': '370',਍✀栀攀椀最栀琀✀㨀 ✀㈀㌀✀ഀ });਍㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀氀礀爀椀挀猀⼀洀甀猀椀挀㨀㰀⼀椀㸀 一愀昀琀愀氀椀 䠀攀爀稀 䤀䴀䈀䔀刀⼀琀爀愀搀椀琀椀漀渀愀氀Ⰰ 愀爀爀愀渀最攀搀 戀礀 匀愀洀甀攀氀 䌀伀䠀䔀一ഀ ਍ 㰀戀爀㸀㰀椀㸀ഀ note: adopted 2004, unofficial since 1948; used as the anthem of the Zionist movement since 1897; the 1888 arrangement by Shmuel COHEN is thought to be based on the Romanian folk song "Carul cu boi" (The Ox Driven Cart)਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀ ਍ഀഀ
਍㰀瀀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀䈀刀㸀ഀഀ

਍㰀昀漀渀琀 猀椀稀攀 㴀 ∀ⴀ㈀∀㸀㰀䈀㸀ഀഀ NOTE: The information regarding Israel on this page is re-published from the 2012 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Israel Government 2012 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Israel Government 2012 should be addressed to the CIA. ਍㰀⼀䈀㸀㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀倀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ


਍㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀⌀∀ 漀渀䌀氀椀挀欀㴀∀䄀搀搀吀漀䘀愀瘀攀猀开栀瀀⠀⤀∀㸀㰀椀洀最 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀洀愀最攀猀⼀戀漀漀欀洀愀爀欀开戀愀渀渀攀爀⸀最椀昀∀ 愀氀椀最渀㴀∀氀攀昀琀∀ 眀椀搀琀栀㴀∀㄀㜀㘀∀ 栀攀椀最栀琀㴀∀㔀㈀∀ 戀漀爀搀攀爀㴀∀ ∀㸀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀昀漀渀琀 挀漀氀漀爀㴀戀爀漀眀渀㸀ഀഀ - Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ - If you wish to link to this page, you can do so by referring to the URL address below this line.਍㰀栀爀㸀ഀഀ https://immigration-usa.com/world_fact_book_2012/israel/israel_government.html਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ This page was last modified 07-Mar-12
਍䌀漀瀀礀爀椀最栀琀 ☀挀漀瀀礀 ㄀㤀㤀㔀ⴀ㈀ ㄀㈀ 㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀椀琀愀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀吀䄀㰀⼀愀㸀 愀氀氀 爀椀最栀琀猀 爀攀猀攀爀瘀攀搀⸀ഀഀ
਍ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀琀搀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀഀ ਍㰀昀漀爀洀 愀挀琀椀漀渀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀挀猀攀∀ 椀搀㴀∀挀猀攀ⴀ猀攀愀爀挀栀ⴀ戀漀砀∀㸀ഀഀ
਍    㰀椀渀瀀甀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀栀椀搀搀攀渀∀ 渀愀洀攀㴀∀挀砀∀ 瘀愀氀甀攀㴀∀瀀愀爀琀渀攀爀ⴀ瀀甀戀ⴀ㜀㐀㌀㜀㜀㔀㜀㔀㐀㌀ 㔀㈀㜀㐀㤀㨀椀㠀瘀㔀礀最ⴀ漀戀昀㈀∀ ⼀㸀ഀഀ ਍    㰀椀渀瀀甀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀∀ 渀愀洀攀㴀∀焀∀ 猀椀稀攀㴀∀㈀㘀∀ ⼀㸀ഀഀ ਍  㰀⼀搀椀瘀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀 琀礀瀀攀㴀∀琀攀砀琀⼀樀愀瘀愀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀ 猀爀挀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀最漀漀最氀攀⸀挀漀洀⼀挀猀攀⼀戀爀愀渀搀㼀昀漀爀洀㴀挀猀攀ⴀ猀攀愀爀挀栀ⴀ戀漀砀☀氀愀渀最㴀攀渀∀㸀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀℀ⴀⴀ 䔀渀搀 匀椀琀攀匀攀愀爀挀栀 䜀漀漀最氀攀 ⴀⴀ㸀ഀഀഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀戀㸀ഀഀ
    ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀昀戀∀㸀簀䴀愀椀渀 䤀一䐀䔀堀簀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • 2012 INDEX਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀愀渀欀椀渀最猀⼀椀渀搀攀砀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀漀甀渀琀爀礀 刀愀渀欀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • DEFINITIONS਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ Israel Index 2012਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ Israel Main Index਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀猀爀愀攀氀开椀渀琀爀漀搀甀挀琀椀漀渀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䤀渀琀爀漀搀甀挀琀椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • History਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀猀爀愀攀氀开最攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䜀攀漀最爀愀瀀栀礀㰀⼀愀㸀 ഀഀ
  • Climate਍㰀氀椀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀洀愀瀀猀∀㸀䴀愀瀀猀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀猀爀愀攀氀开瀀攀漀瀀氀攀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀倀攀漀瀀氀攀㰀⼀愀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍☀渀戀猀瀀㬀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀瀀栀漀琀椀甀猀⸀挀漀洀⼀爀攀氀椀最椀漀渀∀㸀刀攀氀椀最椀漀渀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Government
    ਍ഀഀ    Gov. Leaders਍㰀戀爀㸀☀渀戀猀瀀㬀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀栀琀琀瀀㨀⼀⼀眀眀眀⸀琀栀攀漀搀漀爀愀⸀挀漀洀⼀昀氀愀最猀∀㸀䘀氀愀最猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
    ਍ഀഀ
  • Economy਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀猀爀愀攀氀开挀漀洀洀甀渀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀䌀漀洀洀甀渀椀挀愀琀椀漀渀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Transportation਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀⼀䈀㸀ഀഀ   Airport Codes਍㰀戀㸀ഀഀ
  • Military਍㰀氀椀㸀㰀愀 栀爀攀昀㴀∀椀猀爀愀攀氀开椀猀猀甀攀猀⸀栀琀洀氀∀㸀吀爀愀渀猀渀愀琀椀漀渀愀氀 䤀猀猀甀攀猀㰀⼀愀㸀ഀഀ
  • Photos਍㰀⼀甀氀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ
      . Feedback਍ഀഀ

      ਍ഀഀ
      ਍㰀戀爀㸀㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀℀昀甀渀挀琀椀漀渀⠀搀Ⰰ猀Ⰰ椀搀⤀笀瘀愀爀 樀猀Ⰰ昀樀猀㴀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀猀䈀礀吀愀最一愀洀攀⠀猀⤀嬀 崀㬀椀昀⠀℀搀⸀最攀琀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀䈀礀䤀搀⠀椀搀⤀⤀笀樀猀㴀搀⸀挀爀攀愀琀攀䔀氀攀洀攀渀琀⠀猀⤀㬀樀猀⸀椀搀㴀椀搀㬀樀猀⸀猀爀挀㴀∀⼀⼀瀀氀愀琀昀漀爀洀⸀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀⸀挀漀洀⼀眀椀搀最攀琀猀⸀樀猀∀㬀昀樀猀⸀瀀愀爀攀渀琀一漀搀攀⸀椀渀猀攀爀琀䈀攀昀漀爀攀⠀樀猀Ⰰ昀樀猀⤀㬀紀紀⠀搀漀挀甀洀攀渀琀Ⰰ∀猀挀爀椀瀀琀∀Ⰰ∀琀眀椀琀琀攀爀ⴀ眀樀猀∀⤀㬀㰀⼀猀挀爀椀瀀琀㸀ഀഀ

      ਍㰀最㨀瀀氀甀猀漀渀攀 猀椀稀攀㴀∀洀攀搀椀甀洀∀ 愀渀渀漀琀愀琀椀漀渀㴀∀渀漀渀攀∀㸀㰀⼀最㨀瀀氀甀猀漀渀攀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀戀爀㸀ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀甀氀㸀ഀഀ
      ਍㰀⼀昀漀渀琀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍㰀⼀栀琀洀氀㸀ഀഀ ਍ഀഀ ਍