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    Sao Tome and Principe Economy - 2004

      Economy - overview:
      This small poor island economy has become increasingly dependent on cocoa since independence 29 years ago. Cocoa production has substantially declined in recent years because of drought and mismanagement, but strengthening prices helped boost export earnings in 2003. Sao Tome has to import all fuels, most manufactured goods, consumer goods, and a substantial amount of food. Over the years, it has been unable to service its external debt and has had to depend on concessional aid and debt rescheduling. Sao Tome benefited from $200 million in debt relief in December 2000 under the Highly Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) program. Sao Tome's success in implementing structural reforms has been rewarded by international donors, who pledged increased assistance in 2001. Considerable potential exists for development of a tourist industry, and the government has taken steps to expand facilities in recent years. The government also has attempted to reduce price controls and subsidies. Sao Tome is optimistic that substantial petroleum discoveries are forthcoming in its territorial waters in the oil-rich waters of the Gulf of Guinea; production could begin as early as 2004.

      purchasing power parity - $200 million (2002 est.)

      GDP - real growth rate:
      4% (2002 est.)

      GDP - per capita:
      purchasing power parity - $1,200 (2002 est.)

      GDP - composition by sector:
      agriculture: 25%
      industry: 10%
      services: 65% (1999 est.)

      Population below poverty line:
      NA% (2001 est.)

      Household income or consumption by percentage share:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Inflation rate (consumer prices):
      9% (2002 est.)

      Labor force:
      NA (1996)

      Labor force - by occupation:
      population mainly engaged in subsistence agriculture and fishing
      note: shortages of skilled workers

      Unemployment rate:

      revenues: $58 million
      expenditures: $114 million, including capital expenditures of $54 million (1993 est.)

      light construction, textiles, soap, beer; fish processing; timber

      Industrial production growth rate:

      Electricity - production:
      17 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - production by source:
      fossil fuel: 41.2%
      hydro: 58.8%
      other: 0% (2001)
      nuclear: 0%

      Electricity - consumption:
      15.81 million kWh (2001)

      Electricity - exports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Electricity - imports:
      0 kWh (2001)

      Oil - production:
      0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - consumption:
      700 bbl/day (2001 est.)

      Oil - exports:

      Oil - imports:

      Agriculture - products:
      cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, copra, cinnamon, pepper, coffee, bananas, papayas, beans; poultry; fish

      $6.479 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Exports - commodities:
      cocoa 80%, copra, coffee, palm oil

      Exports - partners:
      Netherlands 37.5%, Belgium 12.5%, Canada 12.5%, Germany 12.5%, Spain 12.5% (2002)

      $30.03 million f.o.b. (2003 est.)

      Imports - commodities:
      machinery and electrical equipment, food products, petroleum products

      Imports - partners:
      Portugal 50.8%, Germany 10.2%, UK 8.5%, Belgium 6.8% (2002)

      Debt - external:
      $253.8 million (2000)

      Economic aid - recipient:
      $200 million in December 2000 under the HIPC program

      dobra (STD)

      Currency code:

      Exchange rates:
      dobras per US dollar - 9,347.58 (2003), 9,088.32 (2002), 8,842.11 (2001), 7,978.17 (2000), 7,118.96 (1999)

      Fiscal year:
      calendar year

      NOTE: The information regarding Sao Tome and Principe on this page is re-published from the 2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Sao Tome and Principe Economy 2004 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Sao Tome and Principe Economy 2004 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 21-May-04
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